Mesoamerican chronology

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    Mayan Civilization

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    The Mayan Civilization The ancient Mayan lived in the Yucatan around 2600 BC. Today this area is southern Mexico, Guatemala, northern Brazil and western Honduras. By 250 AD, the ancient Maya were at their peak of power. The history of Mayan civilization is divided into 3 principal periods: The Preclassic (2000 BC-250 AD), Classic (250 AD – 950 AD) and Postclassic (950 AD – 1539 AD) periods. The preclassic period of Mayans extend from 2000 BC till 250 AD. In this era Mayans switched from their state as hunter gatherers which is a human early society in which in contrast to agriculture societies, which rely mainly on domesticated species, their most or all food is obtained from wild plants and animals to organized agriculture and large cities. The early preclassic period of the Mayans took place between 2000 BC and 1000BC and it marks the beginning of agriculture. This is when they first shifted from hunter-gatherers society to subsistence agriculture as they learned to domesticate plants and a few animals. However they continued to hunt fish and gather wild foods. During this time, they settled into small agriculture and maritime villages. They began to make pottery, which means pots, dishes and other articles made of fried clay. The Middle Preclassic era of the Mayans was between 1000BC and 400 BC. Here the Mayans expended their territory and population. But this was a complexity for them regarding to their social life and political procedures. However the commerce increased…

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    Aztec Influence

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    The Aztecs were not the first people to settle in the area of Mexico and, therefore, it is no wonder that their society and art was influenced by the groups of people before them. There was great number of civilizations that have influenced the Aztec region like the Olmecs, Toltecs, Mayans and Zapotecs. The Aztecs have been the rulling civilization of most Mesoamerica in the 15th and 16th centuries CE with their center in the capital of Tenochtitlan. The art of the Aztecs spead thanks to their…

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    The Maya Civilization is one almost everyone knows in this day and age. What they do not know, is how long ago this civilization existed. The Maya Civilization can be divided into 3 time periods, preclassic period, classic period, and postclassic period. The total years they existed were from 2000 BC to 909 AD. That is a long time! Firstly, Maya people lived in a vast area; from northern Mexico down south into Central America. The location we now call Guatemala, Belize, and western…

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    Deer were often utilized in Mesoamerican artwork as a stand-in for humans, most especially in images of sacrificial heart extraction (such as in the Wagner Murals, which utilizes coyotes, or pumas, extracting a deer’s heart as a visual metaphor for sacrifice). Deer are likely seen as a symbol of sacrifice due to their being hunted, which plays out a type of human-animal warfare; a god of hunting is found in the second quadrant. It is possible that animals were also sacrificed, as various objects…

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    Olmec Essay

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    The Olmec were the first major Mesoamerican culture, their beliefs, art, structure and agriculture influenced civilizations that came later. They are known for their engineering skills and their huge sculpted heads carved from black volcanic rock. They are also the first known Mesoamerican culture to develop a writing system.The Mayan civilization developed very special religious centers and religious systems that grew into huge cities with many people. Mayans are known for the writing system…

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    THE OLMECS AND THEİR HİSTORY Olmecs we a powerful civilisation that had a great history. The Olmecs were the first civilisation in Mexico following a progressive development in Soconusco. “Olmecs lived in tropical lowlands of south-central Mexico, in the today states of Veracruz and Tabasco. Olmec civilisation prospered in Pre-Classical Mesoamerica from 1200 BCE to 400 BCE.” And it’s generally considered as the ancestor of all subsequent Mesoamerican cultures such as Mayan and Aztec. While…

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    The Mayan Civilization

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    our society today. As I studied the history of the Mayan civilization, it was interesting to learn what they left behind to be recognized today. They were a group of Indian people that had a great history behind their culture. Throughout their civilization, they endured many struggles, from living situations to fighting for their cultural and legal rights, but throughout their struggles, they also created and left behind many things we use today and many amazing architectural monuments than any…

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    The Aztecs and the Mayans had similar yet different ways to define the gender in their cultures. The Aztecs culture was divided into many classes and while it was hard for individuals to move up the ranks there was a few that had the opportunity. For the most part many of them started as farmers and remain in that position through out life. The ones that were into trade had a better opportunity to become affluent. Their parents did most of the education during the early years of life and school…

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    in having a pantheon for their gods. This was a vast collection of deities and gods that both groups worshiped. The similarity can be seen in some of the gods such as Quetzalcoatl, who is one of the most popular gods among the Mayans. Even with the popularity of this god there is no apparent connection between the two civilizations version. Both the Aztecs and the Mayans have made advances in their time periods such as advanced calendar systems, and forms of government. These advancements…

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    around the internet, with enough people who believe in Afrocentrism religiously, convinced that the white man hid knowledge of past African greatness. This will be a series of posts on Refuting Afrocentrism, with each successive piece focusing on a different part of the Afrocentric narrative. I’ve had an interest in Mesoamerican history since I was a kid. I was reading adult level books when I was 10 years old. I got this book, The Mayan Prophecies: Unlocking the Secrets of a Lost Civilization,…

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