Attachment In Mary Ainsworth's Study

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Attachment is defined as the bond or relationship that develops between the infants and caregivers (Egeland, 2004). “The attachment is a reciprocal, enduring emotional tie between an infant and a caregiver, each of whom contribute to the quality of relationship”(Papalia, Old & Feldman, 2009). When a baby is born, parents will learn and try to understand and fulfill the needs of the baby. The baby use the way like crying to show out his or her desire, hence when the parents hear the baby cry they will try their best to understand the need of the baby. Besides, the attachment theory is important to a child because it will affect his or her personalities, role and relationship in the future life. The theory of attachment is originally developed …show more content…
During her study, Mary asked the caregiver leaved their children twice, first with stranger and alone at the second time. By observing the emotion and action of the children, she discovered out three patterns of the attachment which are secure attachment, avoidant attachment and ambivalent attachment. For the secure attachment, when the children were leaved in the unfamiliar environment and stranger, he or she will show the emotion like unhappy and scare. However, when the caregivers return they will turn into happy and more active. The infants with avoidant attachment will rarely cried when the caregivers leaved and they avoid their caregiver. Based on Sarah (2010), the studies revealed that the neglect and violence are the mainly cause of avoidant attachment. According to Thompson (1998), when Sam’s mother back, he don’t realize and do not make any eye contact and greet her. As for the ambivalent attachment, the child will become very anxious before caregiver leaved and unhappy when they leave. When the caregiver came back, they will grumble and resist their caregiver to touch and communicated with them ( Papalia, Olds & Feldman, 2009). Meanwhile, there is another research carried out by Mary Main had identified the fourth attachment pattern which is disorganized- disoriented attachment. The child with disorganized-oriented attachment lack an organized strategy to face the stress during the strange situation ( Papalia, Olds & Feldman, 2009). “Disoriented-disorganized attachment patterns usually result from the caregiver fearing the infant and the inability of the infant to understand what behaviors will elicit positive attention from the caregiver” (Anya as cited in Mennen & O’Keefe, 2005). When the child separate with their caregivers, they will upset and happy when their caregiver come back. Nevertheless, the child will show their anger and unsatisfied

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