What Is Secure Attachment

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Attachment and development
Attachment can be dissented into two main categories; secure and insecure. Insecure attachment can further be spilt into different types; insecure-avoidant, insecure-ambivalent and insecure-disorganised.
The relationship between an infant and their primary caregiver is fundamental for future relationships of the child. The child will use their first relationship as a template to apply to future relationship experiences. Gearity (2005), proposed the idea that infants and their primary caregiver must accomplish two basic goals that will be the foundations for healthy relationships with others in the future; a basic sense of trust and the allowance for emotional regulation (expression of feelings etc.). When both goals
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Therefore, the claim can be put forward that this will lead to future anxiety and the development of anxiety disorders. Furthermore, the failure to form secure attachments can place the child on a path of relationship difficulties with others throughout their entire lives. Secure attachments enhance the aspect of trust between the child and their primary caregiver, so the absence of trust may prevent the child from leaving their caregiver to explore the surrounding environment. Therefore, this will hinder the child from experiencing opportunities that may help him/her develop competence and learn about their world (Gearity, 2005). However, it can be argued that the absence of attachments do not always lead to problematic futures for children. In a recent study of attachment in prisoners, it was found that insecure attachment in early childhood was not associated with convictions for crimes (although ambivalent-insecure attachment was associated with intimate partner violence) (Hansen, 2011). Hansen’s study concluded that insecurity of attachment may only be a risk factor in certain circumstances or under certain …show more content…
The need to analyse literature is essential to ensure that the debate is based on accurate and sound information and it can be suggested that further research is needed in some of the areas within the debate. The historical theories of attachment arguably hold imperative findings and without these, it could have been extremely difficult for children to reach their full potentials in all developmental areas throughout their lifespan. Facilitating secure attachments is central to meeting the requirements of the Early Years Foundation Stage Statutory Framework, which focuses on the importance of all children forming attachments and leading to a secure place in society throughout their lives, (EYFS,

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