Parasomnias: Sleepwalking

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It is not common knowledge to most how nightmares nor sleepwalking occur. These are two basic examples of parasomnias that one can experience. Some unfamiliar parasomnias are confusional arousals, sleep terrors, REM sleep behaviour disorder, recurrent isolated or sleep paralysis. People experience many of these in a lifetime but have little information on the reasons for their occurrences.

Parasomnias are troublesome events that can happen physically or experientially to an individual during sleep. They aren’t unusual for a person to experience in their life. Many types can exist and some of these types include emotions, sleep-related movements, behaviours, autonomous nerve system functions, dreaming and perceptions. They occur
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This can include doing complex or simple actions. Some cases, people simply sit up in bed and appear to look around. In other cases, some will run or try to escape threats in their dreams. Sleepwalking can also involve crude or odd behaviours done in the wrong places such as moving furniture or urinating in an odd place. This parasomnia can be dangerous, especially if the individual is to leave the house. Sleepwalking, in most cases, is normal and not unusual. Sleepwalking generally occurs in the third and deepest stage of NREM sleep. Children are the most likely to sleepwalk as they sleep longer and deeper than adults do. Small children sleepwalking is a common occurrence and as they age, they become more vocal. Young children will habitually sleepwalk to their parents room or towards light sources. Sleepwalking is generally genetic. Nearly one-third of people who ever sleepwalked had a family history of the disorder. Anyone with a close relative who sleepwalks or ever did sleepwalk is ten times more likely to than someone whose family had no sleep walkers. According to research done by Stanford University School of Medicine, sleepwalking is mostly chronic and over 80% of adults who had sleepwalked had done so for over five years. Causes of sleepwalking, other than heredity, are depression, an unhealthy sleep schedule, stress, alcohol use, drugs, fever, heart rhythm issues, heartburn or sleep

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