Palliative Care Philosophy

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Discuss the philosophy and principles of palliative care:
Palliative Care
Palliative care is to care for patients and their families, it is to improve the quality of life for the patient. This is for someone that would have a life threating illness. This is used to prevent and relive patients from pain and suffering.
End of life care
End of life care is said to be the last year of life, this is depending on the person and the type of condition they would have it can be difficult to give an estimated timeframe of the length of time the patient would have. End of life care is to help people live to the best of their ability and to die with dignity. This is also to provide support that will meet the both families and the patient’s needs.
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Cancer is a term used to describe a group of illnesses all having certain common characteristics. These characteristics include an over-growth of cells that forms a tumour.
The term life limiting illness
Life limiting illness is different illnesses that I expected to cause death. There is no cure or adequate treatment that will help with the person’s illness. Some of these illnesses can be:
• Cancer
• Heart disease
• Dementia
• Neurodegenerative disease
• Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
• Heart failure
The principles of palliative care
• It provides relief from pain and other distressing symptoms.
• Integrates the psychological and spiritual aspects of patient care.
• Offers a support system to help patients live as actively as possible until death
• Will enhance quality of life , and may also positively influence the course of illness
• Uses a team approach to address the needs of patients and their families, including bereavement and counselling
• Used for distressing clinical complications

The philosophy of palliative care
The philosophy of palliative care is to care for those who are seriously ill or dying.
Essential components of palliative care are:
• Pain and symptom control
• Psychosocial
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According to the HSE palliative care can be provided in different locations and different levels of speciality depending on the needs of the patient and the family.
• Level 1: Provided in any location or setting by all health care professionals as part of their role and using a palliative care approach.
• Level 2: Provided in any location, using palliative care approach by health care professionals who have additional knowledge of palliative care principles and use this as part of their role.
• Level 3: Provided by health care professionals who work solely in palliative care, and who have extensive knowledge and skills in this speciality.
The multidisciplinary oncology tem is:
• Medical oncologists
• Pathologist
• Palliative

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