Palliative Care In Health And Social Care

1699 Words 7 Pages
A personal learner record which describes learning experience, activities, responses and skills acquired throughout the programme module and work experience.

Palliative care is an approach to care focusing on promoting comfort through relieving pain while a person is facing a life threatening illness. The palliative care approach is guided by the gaols chosen by the patient and family and by accepted standards of health care. Along with enhancing quality of life, palliative care also integrates the psychological and spiritual aspects of patient care as well as using a team approach to address the needs of patients and their families, including bereavement counselling. Palliative care affirms life and regards death as a normal process. Palliative
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Members of the multi-disciplinary team include GP, consultant in palliative medicine, public health nurse, clinical specialist nurse in palliative care, health care assistant/home help, physiotherapist, occupational therapist and social worker. The GP is responsible for the care of the patient in their own home and looks after the medical needs of the patient. The GP also works in partnership with the public health nurse and other team members and can access specialist care services and may also refer a patient to hospital or hospice.
The consultant in Palliative medicine has expertise in palliative medicine who may also liaise with other consultants relevant. The public health nurse works in the community alongside the GP and other professionals in the community setting. They provide basic nursing care for patients such as dressing, colostomy bags, as well as an access point for community for community care services.
Clinical nurse specialist in palliative care is a member of the specialist palliative care team and work in either the hospital or community e.g. hospice. The clinical nurse specialist may also visit a patient in their own home, in hospital or in a care
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It is important for carers to recognise the common symptoms patients experience while dying such as pain, constipation and breathlessness and are aware of treat them. During the last 48 hours of life, patients may experience increasing weakness as the body starts to increasingly slow down. This may cause increased anxiety and stress to the patient and families, therefore carers must provide care that is sensitive yet structured in order to meet their needs. Through providing the appropriate information to the patient and family about the illness and what to expect when the patient faces their final few hours, this can reduce stress and anxiety to some extent. Effective communication is also key to ensure the patient and family is well informed of the appropriate information. It is also important to acknowledge and address religious concerns and be respectful of cultural differences (Abu-Saad,

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