Foster Care In Social Work

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Foster Care within Social Work Nationwide, more than 463,000 children live in foster care (Foster Care Statistics). Although, this number has declined since a peak in 1999 of 567,000 according to the Child Trends Data Bank (2014) it is still a reoccurring concern within society today. These children in the foster care system are sometimes left to fend for themselves once they have been placed in a surrounding that the social worker feels appropriate. This leaves children growing out of the system with numerous never ending problems leading them to a poor adult life style.
Overview
Foster care is a child welfare system for full-time service, to care for children whose parents are unable to care for them appropriately, that is publicly funded.
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However, as the demand for these institutions increased a new form of child care was needed. Charles Loring Brace formed the family foster care movement in 1853; children were saved from their homes and the streets and were transported from the large cities to small rural towns where there were families willing to give them homes. However, this method of care also had arrangements for the children to repay the expenses of their care. In this process there was rarely follow-ups to check in with the child’s progress or treatment. Therefore, may people ended up opposing this method of placement so Charles Birtwell refocused the ideas that were addressed to what was needed by the child to be replaced with their own parents. A three step procedure came out of this change. The steps following are listed consequently, one would be to assess the child’s needs, study the possible foster family, and have follow-up once child was placed. This is where the family foster care practiced made the shift from long term to a temporary service. Leading up to today’s practice that foster care is a service provided temporarily until the parents’ situation or the behavior of the child improved. If neither of those happened there would be a further plan of adoption or long-term foster care can be set. Titles under the Social Security Act of 1935 such as Title IV-A, IV-B, IV-E, and XX all made changes based on the amount of funding to assist these kinds of services for children. Then came the Adoption Assistance and Child Welfare Act of 1980, which was the establishment of the current framework of child welfare and foster care services. Congress fought to increase the amount of knowledge about the amount of children going in and out of foster care (Everett,

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