Essay about Obesity Is An Epidemic Of The United States

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Obesity is an epidemic, not just in the United States, but in multiple other countries across the world. Overweight and obesity are defined as excessive fat gain that negatively impacts health. Being overweight or obese is caused by a metabolic imbalance associated with consuming more calories than the body expends therefore causing weight gain. The most commonly used tool to determine a person’s weight category is by using their body mass index. Body mass index is calculated by taking the persons’ weight and dividing it by the square of their height. A high BMI is indicative of high body fat. Using BMI, a person is determined to be overweight if their BMI is between 25<40, and Class 3 is a BMI of 40 or higher (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, n.d.). In the United States alone over 36% of adults and 17% of children and adolescents are obese (Ogden, Carroll, Fryar, & Flegal, 2015). Since the number of overweight and obese persons in the United States has drastically risen since the 1980’s studies and research have been conducted to determine things such as causes of obesity, health effects, treatments, and more. The following review will focus on the current research on obesity including the comorbid diseases/disorders of obesity, the economic consequences of obesity, and the prevention and treatment of obesity and identify any gaps in the research.

Comorbidities of Obesity
Diabetes Mellitus, more commonly known as Type 2 Diabetes (T2D), is a comorbid disease…

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