Nuclear Arms Race And The Cold War

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The Cold War began at the end of World War Two with the destruction of the Japanese cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki by American atomic weapons. This led to the rapid surrender of Japanese forces, causing the U.S. To possess the most dangerous and destructive weapons, known to mankind. But the soviets did not want this to be the case and rapidly started developing atomic weapons of their own, this beginning a new generation of warfare, a nuclear arms race, which would last four four decades until the fall of the Soviet Union in 1991.

An arms race refers to a rapid increase in the quality and/or quantity of instruments of military and naval power by rival States in peacetime. This was clearly seen by the rapid development of weaponry by the
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The Soviet Biological Weapons System was said to be the largest program of biological weapons ever built and came to known as a civilian program called Biopreparat. This program enabled scientists to interfere with the building blocks of life to create agents, pathogens, bacteria and viruses that the world had never seen before. Most of these would have a significant impact and would instantaneously kill thousands if released on a population, as there were no known vaccines or antibiotics that could stop them from causing destruction. It has also been found that these biological agents would negatively impact the environment and could target livestock or crops and even cause famine. Although often seen to be a negative advancement, this program enabled over 50,000 Soviets alone to be employed and a part of the program and even enabled dozens of institutes, laboratories and factories to open up to allow the program to function. Therefore, the Soviets biological weapons program shows significant technological advances, being the first known genetic engineering program. This improvement in genetic engineering in the future would allow for more vaccines and medication to be developed, improving health programs around the …show more content…
As the United Nations said in 1984, “It is evident that the designing, testing, manufacture, possession, deployment and use of nuclear weapons are among the greatest threat to life which confronts mankind today.” They also went on to say “The production, testing, possession, deployment and use of nuclear weapons should be prohibited and recognized as crimes against humanity.” The development and testing of nuclear weaponry led to radiation being released into the atmosphere, which in the long term would result in some form of ozone depletion. This however, not only led to an environmental impact but a social impact as some reports say that it causes cancer, congenital defects, mental problems, immune destruction, among other health problems. Furthermore, it was estimated that if a nuclear war were to happen, civilian casualties would outnumber military casualties and in the long term would lead to severe biological, physical and psychological damage. Looking back at the developments these weapons had potential to cause immediate mass destruction. The arms race posed a major threat to international security, economic damage, as well as have a negative impact on social

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