Neutrality Acts Essay

Good Essays
World War II officially began on September 1st, 1939 when Germany invaded Poland, but the United States didn 't join the war until Japan 's attack on Pearl Harbor on December 11th (Pearson, 684). Prior to the attack on Pearl Harbor, the United States Congress passed the Neutrality Acts, which restricted trade with nations at war, this act was created to keep the U.S. out of the war that didn 't directly affect the country. One of the policies of the Neutrality Acts was "cash and carry", this policy allowed a warring nation to purchase non-war related goods as long as the goods were paid for in cash and were carried by their own ship (Pearson, 687). Other countries also tried to remain peaceful, Britain and France tried to negotiate with Germany …show more content…
In the fall of 1944, the Japanese used these tactics to slow American progress on land as well as sea. On land Japanese soldiers fought to the very last man, forcing American troops to rout every individual Japanese soldier (Pearson, 705). In order to counter this method, the United States used flamethrowers to force the Japanese out of caves (Pearson, 711). At sea Japanese pilots crashed their planes into the ships. The first use of this tactic was during the Battle of Leyte Gulf; during this battle, the kamikazes flew their planes into six American ships. This attack damaged five ships and sunk the other (Pearson, 705). By the end of the war, 120 ships had sunk and 9,073 sailors were either killed or wounded (Thomas, 1). Another suicide tactic used by the Japanese at sea was the use of suicide torpedoes; eight of these torpedoes were launched, but only one was able to hit its target (Thomas, 1). Approximately 400,000 United States troops were killed, and around 700,000 were wounded by the end of the war. The United States suffered minimal loss compared to the other countries that fought in the war; the total deaths in the war was above 70 thousand, over half the casualties were civilian (Dockswell, …show more content…
These objects couldn 't even be purchased by the rich a century prior to the war, the American lifestyle was improving. In the year 1950, Americans purchased three quarters of appliances purchased worldwide. The result of purchasing these appliances was an increase in consumer debt, in 1946 consumer debt was at 8.3 billion dollars, this number rose to 56.1 billion dollars in the year 1960. Even with this rise in debt, the economy benefited from the drop in the unemployment rate. Prior to the war, the unemployment rate was approximately 20 percent, after the war, unemployment rate dropped around two percent (Dockswell, 11). After the war, the middle class grew and workers demanded higher wages and more benefits. House ownership also increased, in 1944 only 44 percent of Americans owned their homes; in the year 1960, 60 percent of Americans owned their house (Pearson, 757). This increase was due to the GI Bill of Rights, the returning veterans from World War II were offered low interest loans and the government constructed what new suburban developments required (Pearson, 757). The roads and highways that Eisenhower created for evacuation, became a fast and reliable way to get to work and run errands (Pearson, 758). This convenience influenced the popularity of suburbs to grow; by the

Related Documents

  • Decent Essays

    On Sunday, Dec.7, 1941, morning, Japanese fighter planes shelled bombs on Pearl Harbor, blowing up United States’ naval vessels, fighter planes, and artillery. This heartbreaking incident occurred at Pearl Harbor, Hawaii, also took the lives of thousands of civilians and soldiers. The primary reason behind this incident is that Japan wants to prevent the U.S. from entering the World War II by destroying its Pacific fleet. Japan attacked Pearl Harbor with over 100 fighter planes, they destroyed nearly 20 American Naval Vessels and over 300 airplanes in a disastrous two hour bombing. Moreover, during this attack, more than 2,000 American soldiers died, and another 1,000 were also wounded.…

    • 1145 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    These planes did a great deal of damage to the entire Pearl Harbor Naval base. Military Resources also reports that “Twenty-one ships of the U.S. Pacific Fleet were sunk or damaged. Aircraft losses were 188 destroyed and 159 damaged, the majority hit before they had a chance to take off” (MR). This means that the US became defenseless against Japan, becoming a major surprise and blow to the United States as a whole. World War II Encyclopedia states “about 2,403 souls were lost that day and 1,178 men and women lost, some were trapped inside the hull of ships” (WWII Encyclopedia).…

    • 1124 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    Until this attack, the United States was neutral in World War II. The purpose of The Infamy Speech was to rally the nation into entering the war. Japan tricked the American people by informing through telegram that Japan wanted peace while their naval troops and…

    • 1324 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    Hiroshima Bombing Essay

    • 1510 Words
    • 6 Pages

    this came from the belief that death is worse than surrendering for your country. So that led to the dropping of the second bomb. “ In 1953, a report by the US Strategic Bombing Survey put the number of deaths at 35,000, wounded at 60,000 and 5,000 missing. In 1960, the Japanese put the number of dead at Nagasaki at 20,000 and the number of wounded at 50,000. Later, the Nagasaki Prefectural Office put the figure for deaths alone at 87,000 with 70% of the city 's industrial zone destroyed” .…

    • 1510 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    Women In The Vietnam War

    • 1009 Words
    • 5 Pages

    To end the war, the tanks in Saigon blew up two last American soldiers to pieces. They got the last hit, but its a matter of opinion on who won this horrifying war (“Kennedy”). With all the explosions and bodies flying in the war, there had to be somebody to help the men and repair them. That’s where the women came…

    • 1009 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    Many brave men put a halt on their lives to answer their nations call to eliminate the evils that the Axis powers had committed. The “day that will live in infamy” created a massive influx of men wanting to join the war and make the Japanese pay for their actions. The conflicts in the Pacific Theater of Operations inflicted horrifying losses. For comparison, the invasion of Normandy cost 2,499 dead American’s and 1,914 other Allied nations for a total of 4,413 dead. The total for wounded or missing in action came to 7,844 with the complete casualty total being over 12,000 (D-Day Museum, 2015).…

    • 1023 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    There were only a few survivors of this attack. There were 174 out of 360 warplanes destroyed. At the time of the attack, there was a Japanese ambassador in Washington D.C. feeding the Japanese information about how long it would take the police to get to Pearl Harbor. This surprise attack led to the United States joining World War Il. There were four generals in the attack.…

    • 419 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    To finance the construction of movie theaters and the conversion to sound, the studios had nearly tripled their debts during the 1920s to $410 million. By 1933, movie attendance and industry revenues had decreased by 40 percent. To survive, the industry trimmed salaries and production costs, and closed the doors of a third of the nation’s theaters. To boost attendance, theaters resorted to such gimmicks as lower admission prices, double bills and…

    • 1277 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    While Franklin Roosevelt is often accredited with the return of the United States economy through the implementation of his New Deals, World War II ultimately gave the American economy the momentum it needed to return to economic prosperity, through the development of big businesses and consumer spending. By 1932, during the presidency of Herbert Hoover, the number of unemployed workers had risen to about thirteen million. Civilians were surviving under extremely poor living conditions and many were stricken by famine. Industrial production had been cut more than half and in no year since the civil war had so few railroad tracks been laid. Hoover attempted to improve the unemployment rate but…

    • 1585 Words
    • 7 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    Why We Fight On December 7th of 1941, an attack on Pearl Harbor that was just the beginning of America’s involvement in World War II. The propaganda film, Why We Fight, shows many examples that lead up to this attack. The film explains the rise of Nazis and how wide spread they were becoming, along with the invasion of Manchuria by the Japanese. It also includes other motivations as to why America needed to be included in this war between other countries. The Neutrality Act helped Woodrow Wilson avoid the First World War as long as he could whereas refrained Franklin Roosevelt from being able to enter the war sooner.…

    • 763 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Decent Essays

Related Topics