Nature of Leadership Essay
A review of the literature indicates four main generations of theory. These are (i) Trait theories: there are certain attributes which make a great leader. (ii) Behaviour theories: great leadership is based on what someone does. (iii) Contingency theories: interaction between leader …show more content…
The Behavioral School of leadership assumes that leader behaviours are crucial for explaining performance and other organizational outcomes. This body of knowledge was influenced by behavioural research in psychology and grew as a response to better model leadership. On a conceptual level it focuses on tasks and relationships with others in the organisation This model resulted in the development of more leadership behaviour identification tools. eg Blake and Mouton developed leadership styles comparing and contrasting different levels of concern for people against concern for task.
Behavioural Models of leadership ignores interactions between leader and followers and proposes no explanation of the success of effective leaders in motivating groups of diverse people to work synergistically to achieve organisational goals.
Kotter, J. (1990) points to the development of leadership theories as a response to the emergence of large numbers of complex organization. He describes the necessity of good management to ensure