Essay Mythology in the Ancient World

2249 Words Oct 9th, 2009 9 Pages
Myths exist in every part of the world and are an integral part of the culture and identity. Ancient societies relied heavily on mythology to entertain, to answer questions, to explain and to implement social expectations. But most importantly, it allowed these people to explain the creation of the universe, the birth of mankind, the forces of nature, human condition and the purpose of life. As a result, myths can be considered essential for certain groups of peoples to explain the powerful forces that shape and affect their lives. These are evident in the mythology of Rome, Greece, Christian myths, the Norse mythologies and the myths of Mesopotamia. Most ancient myths are often stories of origins, dreams, archetypes, metaphysical aspects, …show more content…
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Meanwhile many other strange shapes of various beasts are stable in doorways, twin shaped Scylass, and Centaurs, and hundredfold Briareus and also Lernean Hydra horrendous hisses, and the Chimera armed with flame, Gorgons, Harpies, and the shape of the three bodied shade.
(Virgil, Aeneid VI: 285-9)
The explanation of the world with regards to these gods would have seemed very liable for those people. The creation of mankind according to the Greeks and Romans was by the benefactor, Prometheus. He is said to have created man from earth and water and also to have stolen fire from the gods for mankind. It is thus clear the significance of mythology in terms of the theory of the world and the universe.

Similarly, in Norse mythology, gods also formed the framework of their understanding of the creation of the world. However, their story is slightly different to the ones of the Greeks and Romans. Nonetheless, they have the same underlying idea about the universe. According to Norse mythology, there was originally a chasm, Ginnungagap, bounded by fire and ice. Fire and ice combined to form a giant, Ymir, and a cow, named Audhumbla. By Ymir licking the cow, she revealed a man, Bur, who had three grandsons. These three brothers, one of which was Odin, killed the frost giant Ymir and created the world. It is said that “Ymir's blood was the sea; his flesh, the earth; his skull, the sky; his

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