Muslim Separatism And The Zero Tolerance Attitude From Central Government

2097 Words Dec 12th, 2016 9 Pages
Section III: Muslim Separatism and the zero-tolerance attitude from central government
After examining the cultural and economic perspectives, we shift our focus to the most fundamental issue. The importance of religion is beyond question in studying the tension. China firmly establishes itself as a secular state; in fact, it has very strict policies to restrict the power of religion and their leaders. On the other hand, Muslim has long experienced the problem of radicalization. Xinjiang is no exception.
Muslim Separatism, denoted by central government as Eastern Turkestan, is at least the most nominal reason behind the tension and unrest. This is also the state-endorsed cause for the conflicts; in 2004, Chinese President Hu Jintao identified a trio of forces: extremism, separatism and terrorism. While separatism has long been an issue that plagued Xinjiang and Beijing, terrorism and extremism only emerged as predominant Chinese domestic concerns after 9/11. Yet, these three influences are usually intertwined and discussed together, and sometimes intentionally confused together. In fact, Chinese government usually attributes Xinjiang’s instability to its porous borders with Muslim nations, hence leading to susceptibility to Muslim extremism. It is worthy noting that while Al Qaeda did train some Uighurs for action in Xinjiang, the groups that usually claimed responsibility for violence in Xinjiang are usually not long-lasting or stable. Hence, the state’s emphasis on Muslim…

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