John Locke's Theory Of Moral Education

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implement is for the parents to teach and uphold a degree of denial. Children cannot get everything they want- to maintain their authority, but also teach the value of being able to control one’s passions, parents must train their children this way to encourage reason.
Locke argues that this is a virtue that parents play a large role in teaching their children- to be successful, parents cannot overindulge their children, denial must be a part of their upbringing and children must obey these concepts . While Locke acknowledges the non-rational side to individuals, he contends mastery of desires it vital to the objective of moral education. According to Locke, “Children should be used to submit their Desires, and go without their Longings, even
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This same principle seems to translate into government as well- the government has the will and wisdom to act as the governing body as long as their judgment and action do not interfere with people’s rights. Notably, the relationship a child and a parent have is one rooted in trust. However, the relationship citizens and a government have is one rooted in consent, not trust. Locke has a very different view on a child and a citizen’s ability to make decisions. For one, children are not capable of making decisions. Therefore, the parents have the authority to do so. On the other hand, citizens are capable to make decisions, yet they give their consent to a legitimate government. In the end, the citizens have the final say on all decisions. Ultimately, the people set up others to take on the government responsibilities, but the citizens have the final say when it comes to oversight over government. Therefore, virtuous citizens who utilize their reason are needed so that they are able, when the time comes, to recognize when oversight must turn into action against the government. The kind of decisions that will need to be made is what government, what laws, what leaders are going to work in the both the individual and society. Individuals must become involved citizens and become the judges of what works and what does not- a skill that our children must learn from their parents and the authority expressed upon them as they grow older and as they become actively participating citizens. The social context of education: “The transition from man to person, in the technical sense given to it in Locke’s account of personal identity, produces a socialized person sharing in the customs and beliefs of the society in which the educative process occurred”- fosters care for the public and the community

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