Jean-Jacques Rousseau And John Locke And The French Revolution

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France During the 18th century, new political ideas greatly influenced the French revolution, which was the turning point in French history. Indeed, one of the most important and influential philosophers ever named John Locke (1632-1704) had a profound impact on French thinkers and the revolution. French philosophers of the Enlightenment took Locke as a model. He was the promoter of a political philosophy based on the concept of natural law where all men collectively elect a government to protect their natural rights. “John Locke’s understanding of freedom and equality is the essential basis of any happy and prosperous society”. Jean-Jacques Rousseau, famous philosopher of the 18th century also believed in the philosophy of natural law; although …show more content…
This paper will demonstrate the apparent contrast or correlation between Locke 's beliefs and these three individuals. Johns Locke, an English political thinker, believed that Men have real freedom, expresses the power of their mind when they are happily directed. This free man in its conquest of happiness is the man of the state of nature. He has a life of its own and has the right and duty to preserve. The state of nature refers to the state before human existence became socially organized. Locke, therefore, disqualifies any doctrine that sovereignty belonged by nature a man of destiny. According to him, there is no political power at the state of society, resulting from free contract by men to make laws. However, the laws are legitimate only if they accurately reflect the natural rights of man are his personal freedom, but also his right to property and the right to exchange the …show more content…
Indeed, Rousseau believed in the equity within the members of the society. He showed the close relationship between equality and freedom in his writing, especially in his book “The Social Contract”(1762). According to him, the nature of man is resistant to inequality by nature; it does not have to confront others, asking them to prove anything. Far from seeking concrete ways to achieve a society that respects freedom, Rousseau seeks a universal standard by which to judge the legitimacy of companies. According to his beliefs, “men are born free, their liberty belong to them, and no one but they has the right to dispose of it” (3). For him, “true freedom consists of obedience to laws that coincide with the will.” (4). However, all individuals do not believe in John Locke’s values, such as Louis XIV (1643-1715), a French king who rules are totally opposed to Locke’s

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