Essay on Mona Lisa and Last Supper

3058 Words Aug 22nd, 2013 13 Pages
1. The Last Supper is a mural painting by Leonardo da Vinci for his patron Duke Lodovico Sforza. It represents the scene of The Last Supper from the final days of Jesus as depicted in the Bible. The painting is based on John 13:21, in which Jesus announced that one of his 12 disciples would betray him. The painting is one of the most well known and valued in the world; unlike many other valuable paintings, however, it has never been privately owned because it cannot be moved.
Тhe painting measures 460 × 880 cm and can be found in the refectory of the convent (монастырь) of Santa Maria delle Grazie in Milan. The theme was a traditional one for refectories (трапезная; столовая), but Leonardo's interpretation gave it much greater realism
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This theory is central to Dan Brown's popular novel The Da Vinci Code. In the book, it is said that John/Mary Magdalene has a womanly bosom, feminine facial features, and is swaying gracefully toward Peter. Peter appears to be making a threatening gesture across Mary's throat. The author uses this theory to advance his view that Leonardo da Vinci was once the head of a secret society, the Priory of Sion, which protects the secret of Jesus' royal bloodline, and where his descendants live today.
6. The Last Supper in culture
Critics of this theory point out that:
While damage makes it impossible to be sure of the figure's gender, it appears to be wearing male clothing;
There are only thirteen figures in the painting, so if one is Mary Magdalene, an apostle is missing. Other paintings from that period also show John to be a very boyish or feminine looking figure with long fair hair. This was because John was supposed to have been the youngest of the apostles. Hence he is often shown asleep against Jesus's shoulder. Some have suggested that on the front of the figure of Simon Peter there is one hand with a dagger (кинжал) which is associated to nobody in the picture, but in clearer reproductions this is seen to be Peter's right hand, resting against his hip with the wrist turned inward. It may also indicate Peter's impulsive nature, as he cuts off a solider's ear in John 18:10. Dan Brown seems to be unaware that it was usual in

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