Mistakes And Misjudgements By Louis XVI Assess The Fall Of Absolute Monarchy Analysis

Superior Essays
Mistakes and misjudgements by Louis XVI explain the downfall of absolute monarchy in 1792 to a certain extent. Source one by Ruth Scurry agrees to a certain extent as it describes Louis mistake of his flight to Varennes. On the other hand sources two and three disagree and blame other factors for downfall of the monarchy such as the economy, war and the republican movement.
To a certain extent, the mistakes and misjudgements of Louis XVI explains the fall of the monarchy in 1792. Ruth Scurry gives the view that Louis’s decision to flee to Varennes was a mistake that contributed to the downfall of the Monarchy saying ‘his reasons for fleeing Paris were tantamount to a confession of guilt’ which suggests that Louis was guilty of abandoning Paris
…show more content…
Another reason that crown was in a huge amount of debt was the frivolous spending of the queen, Marie Antoinette which angered the public as she was living a lavish lifestyle while they were starving. The war could be viewed as another mistake or misjudgement on Louis behalf which could explain the downfall of constitutional monarchy. Despite saying ‘the physical condition and morale of France, is such that it will be unable to sustain even half a campaign’ meaning he thought France could easily be defeated, he was happy to go along with the clamour for war as he thought it would suit his own ends. He appointed Girondins ministers who were intent on war which shows that, despite believing war would have a negative impact on France. Louis’s wife Marie Antoinette on the other hand was also to blame for the war. She hoped for war as she thought it would restore Louis to his throne if France was defeated and was plotting with …show more content…
In source two, Colin Jones states that ‘the progress of the war contributed to the sense of crisis’ which shows that the war had a significant impact on the lives of people in France in 1792. There was tension growing in Paris with the arrival of the fédérés who came from the provinces. They were militant revolutionaries and republicans whose officers were conservative or royalist. Despite their numbers never reaching above 5000 they were powerful and called for the removal of the king. This shows that war explained the downfall of the monarchy in 1792 because the fédérés were a powerful pressure group who called for the downfall of the monarchy which means more people were likely to come to the conclusion that the monarchy needed to come to an end. Another reason war was to blame for the downfall of the monarchy in 1792 was the ‘Brunswick Manifesto’ which worsened the tension in Paris. It was issued by the commander in chief of the Austro-Prussian armies and said that it would restore the liberty to the king and his family, protect France and set Paris free among other things. It was intended to help the monarchy but had the opposite effect. The French were furious by the foreign intervention and cause many people who were once pro-monarchy to turn against it. A reason the war was to blame for the downfall of the monarchy was because the Brunswick manifesto caused the mayor of Paris to go to the

Related Documents

  • Improved Essays

    Europe was petrified that their citizens would revolt against their government too, and so all of Europe got involved in the revolution. The situation got even worse when the new government of France made the Decree of Fraternity, which stated that France would help any country who chose to revolt against their government. Later, Europe’s fear occurred because the Dutch, Belgians, and Poles were inspired by this revolution (623). Each country fought the revolutionaries and some countries tried to rescue the royal family with no success. Austria tried saving the royal family but the king was recognized by a postmaster who knew him from “his portrait on the new French money” (605).…

    • 808 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    This new phase was sparked when Louis XVI and Marie Antoinette fled France to obtain safety. The king and the queen were captured and their move was seen as treasonous which in turn destroyed the monarchy. (Modern World History, ch. 8, sec. 2) Starting in 1792 people were dissatisfied with these reforms and sought to end the monarchy as a whole and install a republic.…

    • 780 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Superior Essays

    Another document written by Arthur Young states, “...but bankruptcy occasion in a civil war, and a total overthrow of the government?” (Young). The American Revolution also negatively impacted France because it caused them to go into even further debt, but it also gave them a reason to fight. Since France went into debt because of the war, it also raised taxes and caused the price of bread to rise. This made the people angry at the king because he decided to help another country even though his own was in…

    • 1114 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Superior Essays
  • Superior Essays

    Reign Of Terror Dbq

    • 1486 Words
    • 6 Pages

    It opposed the radical behaviors of the sans-culotte group that pushed for policies that were in favor of property owners. In the year of 1795 the National Convention got rid of many of their economic controls, let prices increase, and heavily regulated political organizations. Members of the Convention demanded that Robespierre was arrested and killed and the Reign of Terror then ended when he was sent to the guillotine. The French Reign of terror had the impact on the French Revolution of giving it a bad image due to many new corrupt ways being implemented. It also resulted in the reasonless arrest and execution of many individuals because there were no rules or regulations that classified a person as an enemy of the Committee.…

    • 1486 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Superior Essays
  • Improved Essays

    France was already in a very bad place at this time before they elected a new leader. Radicals were some of the main reasons France had revolts in 1848. In France, the demanded for a democratic government. in 1830, Frances King Charles X wanted to return to the absolute monarchy. by him trying to return to this, many riots started and forced King Charles to flee to Great Britain.…

    • 2436 Words
    • 10 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    It was Robespierre who was a prominent lobbyist against the idea of war. He professed that the real enemies of the Revolution were inside of France and he knew that France was not capable to fight in a war yet due to the internal instability. As an outcome, of the inadequate training that the French had they suffered many defeats by the Austrian-Prussian troops. Consequently, widespread panic, (August Uprising), in Paris began to grow due to the defeats causing a split between the Jacobins and Girondists. This allowing the Jacobins to abolish the existing city government in order to establish a revolutionary…

    • 1125 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Superior Essays

    Throughout the Reign of Terror, the government imposed new laws, such as the levée en masse, which was a mandatory military draft. Many French citizens rebelled against the draft (Doc C). Additionally, France’s primary enemies, Prussia and Austria, sent armies to try to reinstate the monarchy so that revolution would not spread to their countries. Because no one wanted to fight in this war, the levée en masse was imposed (Doc C). Because of the backlash against this law and the counterrevolution in the Vendée region of France, the government began to create harsher punishments for what they considered to be treason.…

    • 1097 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Superior Essays
  • Improved Essays

    The French and Industrial Revolution are considered to be the catalysts that lead to the west becoming modernized. The French Revolution, which happened from 1789 to the late 1790s, was the battle of reactionaries and radicals (Pavlac 254). King Louis XVI when given the throne was too young and inexperienced to make the necessary reforms that France needed. He was unable to solve the debt caused by the previous kings, and therefore made the French people angry. Influenced by the American Revolution and the Enlightenment, the people of France began to revolt (Pavlac 253).…

    • 980 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    Also, these atrocities made Germany very vulnerable, and lead to the rise in power of Adolf Hitler. On the contrary, although the Treaty failed in many ways, some people believe that it was not responsible for World War II, and that the worldwide depression was the main factor. First of all, the treaty greatly offended Germany, and caused them to want revenge. The Treaty of Versailles was very offensive towards Germany, causing them to want a retaliation, which resulted with the start of World War II. The Treaty of Versailles,…

    • 1707 Words
    • 7 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    The French and American War of Independence had similarities and conflicts. The revolution and American War of Independence were the samples of civilian’s rebellion against their regime. The French rebelled against their government during a violent fashion, as did the Americans. Britain’s treasury was drained in order that they taxed America and infuriated the colonists; almost like the French treasury being low, in order that they declared war on alternative states to undertake to fill again the treasury; French, and War of American Independence had their own declarations and constitutions written. Each country won their revolutions; Besides, France, wished a brand new government and extra money and food offer; but the America simply wished their independence from land; but America was burdensome issues and numbers from land that were laborious on them; and France were those laborious on others for cash to refill them provides.…

    • 571 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Improved Essays