Minerals : The Human Body Essay

784 Words Mar 5th, 2016 4 Pages
Minerals are needed in the human body. Minerals are classified as major minerals or trace minerals. Major minerals include calcium and phosphorus. While, trace minerals include iron and zinc. Major minerals are defined as a mineral vital to health that is required in the diet in amounts more than 100 milligrams per day. Over 99% of the calcium in the human body strengthens bones and teeth. Calcium is often, found in dairy products like milk and cheese. Some secondary sources for calcium are in foods like bread, rolls, and crackers. Calcium has several functions; such as blood clotting, muscle contractions, and the regulation of cellular metabolism. If the body 's blood calcium level fails below a critical point, then, the muscles can no longer relax after contraction. When the body stiffens and twitches we call this tetany. Some calcium deficiency symptoms are memory loss, muscle spasms, numbness, and tingling in one 's hands, feet, and face. Calcium can be harmful to the human body. Symptoms of calcium toxicity include fatigue, depression, muscle weakness, pain, and arthritis. The Adequate Intake (AI) for males and females ages 0-6 months is 200 mg, males and females ages 7-12 months is 260 mg, males and females ages 1-3 years old is 700 mg, males and females ages 4-8 years old is 1,000 mg, males and females 9-13 years old is 1,300 mg, males and females ages 14-18 years old was 1,300 mg, males and females ages 19-50 years old was 1,000 mg, and males and…

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