Metaphysics And Epistemology Essay

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Metaphysics and Epistemology The history of philosophy begins with the Pre-Socratic period. The period is named because it was the period before the philosopher Socrates was born. The philosophers that lived during the Pre-Socratic period came up with the idea of metaphysics. Metaphysics is the branch of philosophy that studies the nature of reality. Socrates was born in 471 BC and brought an end to the Pre-Socratic period and brought the beginning to many new branches of philosophy such as Epistemology, the study of nature and knowledge (A Quick History of Philosophy - General - The Basics of Philosophy). Philosophy is the study of theoretical basis of a branch of knowledge and started around the year 620 BC when Thales theorized that water …show more content…
Dialectics was a dialogue between individuals and the essential source of knowledge. People were forced out of apathy and made them aware of their own ignorance. Dialectics compelled people to think critically and to express their ideas in more clearly defined terms. The end of Socrates’ life was not the end of dialectics or philosophy. Plato was Socrates’ most famous student and carried on Socrates’ work, and taught more students such as Aristotle (Western civilization: ideas, politics & …show more content…
Skepticism is part of epistemology and came around after the death of Aristotle. The skeptics argued that nothing can be known for certainty. Stoic Antipater raised objection to the skeptics and theorized that skeptics are denying knowledge. Carneades, a member of an academy founded by Plato, took this theory further and said that skeptics theorizing of knowledge are not actually theorizing, but using it as an argumentative strategy. Per Carneades, a skeptic does not try to prove that they know nothing, but assume that they know nothing (epistemology - The history of

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