Juxtaposition Of The Metaphysics Of Aquinas And Kant

2053 Words 9 Pages
A Juxtaposition of the Metaphysics of Aquinas and Kant Two key philosophers that one must examine in order to gain a better grasp of metaphysics are Saint Thomas Aquinas and Immanuel Kant. Through a thorough examination of both thinkers’ metaphysical philosophies, one can conclude that they differ in their beliefs regarding the origin and essence of beings and Being. In his examination of metaphysics, Saint Thomas Aquinas believes that in order to understand being and Being, one must start with God and His heaven, and use his God-given intellect to understand the phenomenal world. However, Kant believes the opposite in that he claims that in order to understand being and Being, one must begin with observing and analyzing the phenomenal world, and then use pure reason to gain an understanding of the nominal world, or God.
In order to understand Aquinas’ metaphysics, one must understand the difference between essence and existence. According to Aquinas, there are two senses of ‘being’: one sense is that “being signifies that which is divided into the ten categories,” and in the other sense, “that which signifies the truth of propositions” (Aquinas, I). Then, Aquinas goes on to say that essence is derived from a being in the first
…show more content…
To gain an understanding of being and Being, one must start with God and understand through human intellect that it is He who instilled intellect, soul, and intelligence in beings. On the other hand, Kant claims that in order to understand metaphysics – being and Being – one must begin with the phenomenal world and use pure reason in order to move from being to Being. By examining these two thinkers, one can see the stark contrast of beliefs as a result of a progression of

Related Documents