Max Weber's Theory Of Bureaucracy In Fiji Case Study

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2.0 Overview of the Indenture System in Fiji
Fiji was ceded to Great Britain in 1874 and the first Indian indentured labourers were brought to Fiji in 1879 (Lal, 2004). This new colony of Fiji was in a dire need of economic development so that it could sustain itself in the long run. Fiji’s first governor general, Sir Arthur Gordon, protected the Fijian labourers from commercial employment and believed that Fijians should continue to live in their own traditional surroundings, protected from the outside world and controlled and managed by their own tribal chiefs. It was Sir Gordon that invited the Australian owned Colonial Sugar Refining Company (CSR) to establish the sugar industry in Fiji. The CSR started its operations in Fiji in 1882 and departed in 1973. The decision of Sir Gordon to use Indians to work in the sugar cane plantations in Fiji was based on the success that was
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Weber’s Theory of Bureaucracy is based on five principles. Firstly, the management of the public sector should be based on written documents. Secondly, management of public sector offices should be done in a specialised manner. Thirdly, the appointed officials should work in full capacity to meet the demands of the state. Fourthly, general rules should be followed in the management of office. Fifthly, the administrative regulations would govern the principles of the fixed and official jurisdictional areas (Grindle, 2004; Bovens, 2007). Some of the key principles of the traditional model of public administration were undertaking a proper examination before appointing key personnel in the public sector and separating policy making from public administration (Peters and Pierre, 1998; King et al.,

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