Malingering Case Study
Determining if a criminal defendant is malingering or denying a psychiatric disorder is one element of all forensic psychological evaluation. According to the DSM-IV malingering is defined as intentionally faking either physical or psychological symptoms, for external gains included but not limited to, workman 's comp, financial compensation, avoid criminal prosecution and to avoid work or military duty. Faking psychiatric disorders, physical injury, and cognitive impairment are some of the few ways individuals can malinger. On the other hand individuals may deny having any type of cognitive impairment to avoid being civilly committed in the psychiatric hospital.
It is imperative that forensic psychologist determine whether a defendant is malingering or denying a psychiatric disorder. This determination ultimately would prove or disprove culpability of the accused defendant and confine these defendants in the appropriate place. Often times defendants fake a mental illness to receive a lesser sentences or avoid going to jail/prison. In other circumstances defendants deny psychiatric disorders because they are unaware of their metal illness. To avoid placing individuals in the wrong place defendants who are thought to be incompetent to stand trial undergo a series of test to determine psychiatric disorders or malingering. …show more content…
Paradis et al, 2013). There was also a link between the RFT performance and IQ score and mini-mental state examination (MMSE; folstein, Folstein & McHugh, 1795). Those who tested poorly on the IQ test also had low MMSE scores. In based on the findings in this research it is more likely for defendant who test poorly on both the IQ exam and the mini-mental state exam to also not preform well in other test such as the Rey 15-item test and TOMM