Major Types Of Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy (MD)
Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy
“Muscular dystrophy (MD) is a genetic disease characterized by progressive weakness and degeneration of the skeletal or voluntary muscles which control movement” (Muscular dystrophy, 2013). Muscular dystrophy is classified into nine major types that each affect specific muscle groups, certain age groups and are identified by different signals. Duchenne muscular dystrophy most commonly affects males and is targeted at younger children (Facts about Muscular Dystrophy, 2015). “The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention estimated that 1 out every 5,600 to 7,700 males between the age of 5-24 has DMD” (Seiner, Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy).
A French neurologist Guillaume Benjamin Amand Duchenne …show more content…
An estimation of 90% of patients with DMD pass away from pulmonary complications also including muscle weakness in the respiratory (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2015).
Duchenne muscular dystrophy is a very common disease that affects males a majority of the time. Once someone is diagnosed, the older they get the weaker their muscles become. DMD is a serious disease that can be inherited by X chromosomes from parents. Symptoms are qutie noticeable in the earlier years of life and once seen should be acknowledged. Although DMD is not strictly treatable, therapists and certain medicines can enhance the strength of the muscles. Wheelchairs also become mandatory, although many don’t live very long.
However, today Duchenne muscular dystrophy is advancing into a not so serious disorder. Usually children didn’t live past their teen years, today we see some affected with DMD living until their 40’s. Therapists are also more aware of DMD symptoms, along with doctors. If a doctor suspects DMD they have numerous tests to follow up on. For example: blood tests, gene tests and muscles biopsies. These tests measure dystrophin levels, muscle strength and look at the DMD