Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy

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Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy
“Muscular dystrophy (MD) is a genetic disease characterized by progressive weakness and degeneration of the skeletal or voluntary muscles which control movement” (Muscular dystrophy, 2013). Muscular dystrophy is classified into nine major types that each affect specific muscle groups, certain age groups and are identified by different signals. Duchenne muscular dystrophy most commonly affects males and is targeted at younger children (Facts about Muscular Dystrophy, 2015). “The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention estimated that 1 out every 5,600 to 7,700 males between the age of 5-24 has DMD” (Seiner, Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy).
Description:
A French neurologist Guillaume Benjamin Amand Duchenne
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Such as braces, canes, walkers and wheelchairs can aid mobility. If the patients have breathing problems a ventilator will be needed. As for more severe cases, if their spine is curvature surgery may be needed (Mayo Clinic, 2014).

Epidemiology:
Duchenne muscular dystrophy approximately affects 1 of every 5,600 to 7,700 males between the ages of 5 - 24. Females are very rarely affected by DMD, and will not have the dramatic signs like the males do. Although if they are carriers of the mutated chromosome, they possibly will experience small symptoms of weakness in their muscles. However there were cases reported where a female’s second chromosome is damaged, in that case they develop DMD just as a male would.
An estimate of 29% males between the age of 5-9 are forced into a wheelchair from Duchenne muscular dystrophy. 82% of 10-14 years old and more than 90% of males between the age of 15-24 need to use a wheelchair.
Duchenne muscular dystrophy is fatal, 5-10% depend on a ventilator to survive. An estimation of 90% of patients with DMD pass away from pulmonary complications also including muscle weakness in the respiratory (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention,
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Once someone is diagnosed, the older they get the weaker their muscles become. DMD is a serious disease that can be inherited by X chromosomes from parents. Symptoms are qutie noticeable in the earlier years of life and once seen should be acknowledged. Although DMD is not strictly treatable, therapists and certain medicines can enhance the strength of the muscles. Wheelchairs also become mandatory, although many don’t live very

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