Literature Review On Immigration

Decent Essays
Will Stopford
Student Number: N30390800
Bsc (Hons) Forensic Psychology 2015/16
Critical Social Psychology
ICA: Critical review of published papers on immigration using the social psychological approach
Word Count:
Immigration and people looking for asylum in this day and age is a prominent issue for multiple countries and the public at large as well as being at the forefront of the media. It is an issue that splits societies, governments and countries as a whole. Compared to people born and raised in particular countries immigrants are usually rated less favourably (Kalin, 1996)Last year’s immigration crisis has proved this as 942,400 people have done so in the EU, according to monthly figures from the EU statistics agency, Eurostat. (reference
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Social constructionism is a qualitative approach that adopts the belief in relativism to a certain degree, believing that there is no true nature to world, only different and equally valid views and that views of this world and reality vary across time and cultures. This reality is created through interactions with others and is shaped by culture and language. Social constructionism emphasises the power of language in all of its forms including how it used in the media. In this approach the term ‘discourse’ is referred to as a way to understand the meaning from language or a system of meanings to construct an object (parker 1991) and that discourse can consist of images and statements presenting something in a certain way (potter and wetherell, 1987). During this review the thing being presented will be immigration and …show more content…
The article discusses how the topic of immigration is rooted in numerous different subjects such as political science and anthropology as well as others. Berry puts forward the idea that psychology as two areas of potential contribution to this topic, the first being acculturation and the second intergroup relations. Acculturation involves contact between two different cultural groups, this contact or interaction between these group results in cultural changes between both groups. The article describes the second area, intergroup relations as being culturally defined in some way, be that race, religion, and language etc. It also goes on to say that research is often focused on dominant groups. Numerous sets of articles are then used to create a framework to discover common themes within the articles to reveal theoretical and political import. Berry’s conclusion states that the articles do intersect with certain ideas specifically identity strategies and acculturation used by both immigrants and the countries they move to, particularly ideas and opinions toward

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