Essay on Linux vs. Windows Case Study

6016 Words 25 Pages
Linux vs. Windows Case Study
Abstract
The Linux vs. Windows case study presented Windows as the incumbent platform with a first mover advantage and Linux as the challenger. I would like to take a different approach to analyzing these two platforms and see what we can learn.
If we assume that the history of Linux starts in 1991, Linux is following in the footsteps of Windows. But if we consider the hereditary connection between Linux and Unix, the story of Linux now starts in 1969, and Windows becomes the challenger following in the footsteps of Unix.
When you look at the history of AT&T and Microsoft you start to see a lot of parallels.
AT&T and Microsoft both managed Unix and Windows as a proprietary platforms. AT&T
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I will review the history of the relationship between
Apple and Microsoft, and how the lawsuits between the companies shaped both their paths. I will also discuss the current patent lawsuit Apple has filed with Samsung. This lawsuit is important for two reasons. First, it has an interesting parallel with the copyright infringement lawsuit Apple filed with Microsoft. And Second, this current lawsuit opens an interesting opportunity for Microsoft to rebuild itself and continue to avoid the problems of AT&T.
The irony of Apple’s relationship with Microsoft is that Apple is building their products using a variant of Unix (See Figure 1). This completes the circle and brings us back to our discussion about Windows, Linux, and Unix. This ties back to my original assertion that Windows has been the challenger platform while Unix and all its descendants are the incumbent platform.
History of Unix and Linux
Invention of Unix at Bell Labs.
Unix was invented at Bell Laboratories in 1969 by Dennis Ritchie and Ken Thompson.
Bell Labs was working on a time sharing system known as Multics. UNIX was developed as an alternative operating system that ran on a DEC PDP-7. Unix was originally developed in Assembly Language. Then in 1971, Ritchie and Thompson’s second great invention, the C programming language, was used to rewrite Unix. This allowed Unix to be more portable to other systems.
Licensing of Unix to other companies.

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