Learning Matters Reflection Paper

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Reflection Paper Number 1
In “Learning Matters: In Schools We Trust” (The Merrow Report, 2013), the evolution of education in the United States is highlighted. This evolutionary history includes what schools were to do for society, its social obligation, and the individuals and entities that felt they should be in charge. Various individuals discuss mass education in an effort to answer these various questions.
Education, as it was conceived prior to mass education, was primarily for the wealthy of society and charity schools were for the poor. Ellen Lagemenn and David Tyak, historians from New York University and Stanford University , each provide a historical view of the motivations for creating common schools. Horace Mann, a prominent figure
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She states the wave of immigrants challenged public schools to assist immigrants with speaking English and to acquire a particular knowledge and skill sets in order to enter into the workforce. Lagemann and Ravitch both discuss the impact of John Dewey, and his progressive education theory; where he believed education should make society better and learning should be active and assist students with addressing real world problems. Distortion of this model turned Dewey’s theory into vocation education as it was misinterpreted; therefore society’s perceived social obligation of preparing individuals was at …show more content…
The first issue was related to race, de-segregation and the inequality found between the various segregated schools. Robert Lee Carter, a federal district court judge who worked with Thurgood Marshall and the National Association of Colored People (The Merrow Report, 2013), highlighted that the hope of the Brown vs. Board of Education case, would assist Black people with becoming fully realized members of American society through the education system. This law, again, highlighted the issue of who is to control schools. Many states were unhappy with being forced to desegregate and local control continually being eroded. Furthermore, Lyndon Johnson also believed that schools should improve society (2013) in order to assist the children of poor members of society. Johnson instituted the Education and Secondary Education Act, Title One and Head Start, and these federal efforts significantly expanded the federal government’s role in education. As time progressed, disabled students fought for inclusion and Jimmy Carter went on create the Department of Education. The expectation of schools continued to be to better society as well and the social obligation would continue to be protecting the civil rights of students that had not been served, or served well, in the public

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