Lawrence Kohlberg's Moral Reasoning In Three Stages

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Lawrence Kohlberg believed that people advanced through their moral reasoning in a series of stages. There are six identifiable stages that are classified into three levels. Pre-Conventional, Conventional, and Post-Conventional. When organized on a chart, it was classified as Level, stage, and social orientation so that you could understand which level, what stage as in age, and behavior of the person. The concept of moral development is based on thinking and logic, not on feelings for others. This was all influenced by Jean Piaget the psychologist and the American philosopher John Dewey. At stage 1 children think of what is right as that which authority says is right. Doing the right thing is obeying authority and avoiding punishment. At stage …show more content…
Children often behave in the social norms, this is because they are told to do so by the authority of elders. This is set in stone by the threat of punishment. An example is, you will not steal money from your mom because you are afraid of the punishment when she finds out. The second stage of level one is self-interest, the view that right behavior means acting in one’s best interest. The motto for this stage is, what’s in it for me? An example for this is, watching your sibling close because you’re afraid that they might be getting more attention than …show more content…
Stage three is Interpersonal meaning, instead of self-interested into interested in others, often parents, teachers, or friends. Stage four is Social order, the guilt associated with breaking a rule. People believe that if you break a rule, you should have to pay their debt.
Level three of moral thinking has two stages as well, stages five and six. The evaluation was based on the quality of the reasoning behind a person’s decision, rather than whether or not some specific behavioral decision was made. Stage five is the social contract, a stage where people recognize the underlying moral purpose that is supposed to be served by laws and social customs. Stage six is universal ethical principles, people do not automatically conform to the philosophy of life that truly guides their

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