Joint Dislocation Case Study

993 Words 4 Pages
The sports injury that we’ll be talking about is joint dislocation. We will be investigating into two types of joint dislocations, shoulder and knee, whilst comparing the similarities and differences between the two injuries.

The shoulder joint is actually one of the most ambulatory, meaning, it is a commonly dislocated joint in the body. Shoulder dislocations usually entail the head of the humerus being forcibly removed from its cup-shaped socket in the glenoid fossa. In simple terms, the upper arm bone coming out of the shoulder joint socket.

Symptoms of shoulder joint dislocation include:
Shoulder swollen and severely bruised
Extreme Pain
Muscles that surround the shoulder joint tend to go into spasm
Nausea and vomiting, sweating, light-headedness,
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Well, shoulder joint dislocation is a serious injury, therefore, can result up to six months of total withdrawal from sport participation in extreme cases.

Now for the knee joint dislocation -

Knee joint dislocation is a common sports injury and is characterised by the event when the tibia and fibula are moved in relation to the femur. In general, symptoms of knee dislocations are similar to shoulder dislocations. They include extreme pain, severe bruises and swollen legs. In extreme cases, loss of pulse or feeling below the knee and an obvious deformity can be noticed.

Often, knee joint dislocations are caused by a traumatic incident: often twisting or a direct blow to the knee. Patellar dislocation is common when playing football or sports that involve tackling such as rugby, AFL and soccer etc. It takes around six weeks for the knee to heal, therefore, resulting in 6-8 weeks withdrawal from your chosen sport.

The treatment and rehabilitation of both shoulder and knee rehabilitation are extremely similar:
Ice packs and cold therapy must be applied immediately. Initial first aid for shoulder joint dislocations may include immobilising the shoulder, by placing it into a sling. It is also recommended to restrict the patient to have anything to eat or drink, in case sedation is required to reduce the
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Some surgeons promote immobilising. The purpose of immobilising the arm or knee is to allow the structures which may have been injured to have time to heal. For knee joint dislocation, the entire knee joint will be kept in a splint or immobiliser, which keeps the knee from bending and helps the tissues to start healing. Immobilisation is followed by a joint rehabilitation program prescribed by a physiotherapist. In some cases, a referral is needed. A knee dislocation almost always has severe ligaments tears and sprains and sometimes breaks in the bone of the knee. After the swelling has gone down, the knee may need reconstructive surgery to regain

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