Jean Piaget And Lev Vygotsky Essay
Jean Piaget (1896 - 1980) was employed at the Binet Institute in the 1920s, where his job was to develop French versions of questions on English intelligence tests. Piaget became intrigued with the reasons children gave for their wrong answers to the questions that required logical thinking. He believed that these incorrect answers revealed important differences between the thinking of adults and children. Piaget (1936) described his work as genetic epistemology.
Genetics is the scientific study of where things come from (their origins). Epistemology is concerned with the basic categories of thinking, that is to say, the framework or structural properties of intelligence. What Piaget was challenged with doing was two see how well children could count, spell or solve problems as a way of grading their I.Q. What interested him the most was the fundamental concepts like the very idea of “number”, “time” “quantity”, “causality”, “justice” and so on emerged.
Piaget’s theory expresses how children learn through action. He believed that children are born with and acquire schemas or concepts for how to act and respond to the world. Schemas help organize knowledge;…