James Baldwin, An African American Novelist, Poet, And More So A Social Critic

1135 Words Apr 8th, 2016 5 Pages
INTRO: James Baldwin, an African American novelist, poet, and more importantly a social critic. Most famously critisises, “[the] racist justice system.” (Baldwin) His words are targeting the white officials at the time, for discriminating against the African American citizens in a court of law. Back when James Baldwin wrote about his observations there were around two hundred thousand people in jail. Today, with 2.3 million people incarcerated, it’s no longer a matter of skin color but, the biases generated throughout the judicial system. The interrogators, police, and the jury staff during the process of a trial are responsible for the prejudice. Biases include, a person 's mental health, addiction, economic status, gender, and race. These biases have resulted in prison overcrowding and state governments being overwhelmed by the burden of funding a rapidly expanding penal system (The Sentencing). We the people should be asking, whether or not the justice system should reform the way in which it functions due to the number of Americans sent to jail based on bias made by the court.
Mental retardation or having a mental disability is not typically thought to project a bias. Joseph Shapiro, who served as a White House correspondent wrote in a periodical published through U.S. News and World Report that, “Among the most likely to be falsely arrested, convicted and even executed in the United States are the retarded.” (Shapiro) In fact, when an individual 's brain IQ is 76 and…

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