Causes Of Mass Incarceration In America

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To talk about the state of law in America is to mention some of the issues the judicial system face. In my opinion, the biggest problem that our American judicial system face at this present time is mass incarceration. Mass incarceration has increased over the past forty years in the United States, ending in more people being locked in jails and prisons than ever before. In my opinion, the number one cause of mass incarceration is the war on drugs the United States has been fighting since president Nixon’s era. The United States imprisons more people than any other nation in the world, largely due to drug laws and their mandatory sentencing requirements. It all started when in 1971 president Richard Nixon declared that the war on drugs was …show more content…
Throughout our study of the role of police in the American judicial system, we can argue that police misconduct has been the most leading topic over the past several years. As we have analyzed the article “shooting an elephant” in class, we concluded that the police in modern America holds a lot of power towards the civilians. In the article “ shooting an elephant”, the comparison between the British colonial police and the modern American police seemed similar only in terms of racial discrimination, power and control. As recalled, throughout the colonial period, the majority of the Burmese police force comprised British White men. Although the British force monopolized power and control, it seemed that the Burmese people had no respect and did not fear them. The British force was often seen as weak and incompetent. In contrast, as we have experienced in the last years, the American police has been criticized to have too much power and to racially profile certain ethnic groups. In converging the role of policing with mass incarceration, I think that one of the most important aspects is that police officers are under pressure in achieving their arrest goals. The pressure of being a police officer is well explained in the article “ police violence” by Edward V. Sparer. The article explains the tensions that police officers tend to have. The author argued, “ it is a difficult and dangerous job for a police …show more content…
Criminal lawyers have obligations towards the law and the civil society. As we look at the American Justice System today, we often noticed that lawyers tend to work more closely with the judicial system than with the public. Lawyers have not only failed the justice system but also the institution they have swore to serve. Lawyers have failed in their everyday practice to ensure that our current criminal system functions consistently with our rights and values. Prosecutors have become more interested in accomplishing their own career goals than to serve their society. For them, justice is about putting bad people behind bars and nothing more. Alexis de Tocqueville said it best when he explained the power lawyers have in the society. He argued, “Lawyers are attached to public order beyond every other consideration, and the best security of public order is authority” (Tocqueville). In Tocqueville’s views, lawyers take possession in their own rights regarding the justice system. They are viewed as having the utmost experience when it comes to legal matters and therefore make an important impact in the lives of the public. In connection to mass incarceration, I can argue that Tocqueville explained it best when he stated “Lawyers belong to the people by birth and interest, and to the aristocracy by habit and taste; they may be looked upon as the

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