Essay on Islam And The Middle East

748 Words Nov 4th, 2015 3 Pages
Like Christianity and Judaism, Islam was born in the Middle East. The word Islam was derived from the root s-l-m, which means primarily “peace” but in a secondary “sense surrender” (Smith 222). Its full connotation is the peace that comes when one’s life is surrendered to God. The rise of Islam began with the Prophet Muhammad, who was born in the city of Mecca in about 570. His early life was cradled in tragedy; his father died before he was born, and his mother when he was six. Thereafter he was adopted into his uncle’s home. According to Smith, Muhammad was pure hearted and beloved in his circle. His bereavements having made him sensitive to human suffering in every for, he was always ready to help others, especially the poor and the weak. The Muslims see him as a ma who experienced in exceptional range. “Not only he was a shepherd, merchant, hermit, exile, soldier, lawmaker, prophet-priest king, and mystic; he was also an orphan, for many years the husband of one wife much older than himself, a many times bereaved father, a widower, and a husband of many wives, some much younger than himself” (Smith, 231). At the age of twenty-five he married to a wealthy widow named Khadija. From about the age of forty until shortly before his death in 632 Muhammad received frequent revelations from Allah(means “the God”) delivered through the angel Gabriel, and became a prophet. These were written down into 114 chapters or suras, which were collected together after his death. The…

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