Essay about Irrelevant Speech Effect

1963 Words Nov 6th, 2011 8 Pages
Abstract
Eight students participated in a study of the Irrelevant Speech Effect. Irrelevant speech disrupts immediate serial recall. In this study we test the disruptive effects of irrelevant speech on serial recall. In this experiment participants saw a list of randomly ordered digits 1-9. During the some trials they heard irrelevant speech in the background, while other trials were quiet. This irrelevant speech was a passage from Franz Kafka in German (Francis, Neath, & VanHorn, 2008). We found a main effect of Trial Type, which were the quiet and irrelevant speech background conditions. This is evidence that the irrelevant speech effect did take place.

Irrelevant Speech Effect The irrelevant speech effect is the
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This is evidence that the Irrelevant Speech Effect did take place.

Table 1 presents the Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) for Block, Serial Position, and Trial Type. Source | SS | df | MS | F | Sig. | Block | .05 | 1 | .05 | .48 | .498 | Error(Block) | 2.30 | 23 | .10 | | | Serial Position | 21.19 | 8 | 2.65 | 49.44 | .000 | Error(Serial Position) | 9.86 | 184 | .05 | | | Trial Type | 4.52 | 1 | 4.52 | 24.44 | .000 | Error(Trial Type) | 4.25 | 23 | .18 | | | Block X Serial Position | .53 | 8 | .07 | 2.70 | .008 | Error(Block X Serial Position) | 4.52 | 184 | .02 | | | Block X Trial Type | .08 | 1 | .08 | 2.21 | .151 | Error(Block X Trial Type) | .79 | 23 | .03 | | | Serial Position X Trial Type | .11 | 8 | .01 | .49 | .864 | Error(Serial Position X Trial Type) | 5.17 | 184 | .03 | | | Block X Serial Position X Trial Type | .18 | 8 | .02 | .82 | .588 | Error(Block X Serial Position X Trial Type) | 4.93 | 184 | .03 | | |

Table 2 presents the means and standard errors for Block 1, Serial Position, and Trial Type. Block | Serial Position | Trial Type | Mean | SE | Mean | SE | Mean | SE | 1 | 1 | Quiet | .874 | .024 | .810 | .026 | .529 | .032 | | | Irrelevant Speech | .747 | .035 | | | | | | 2 | Quiet | .799 | .030 | .698 | .026 | | | | | Irrelevant Speech | .597 | .033 | | | | | | 3 | Quiet | .783 | .033 | .737 | .077 | | | | | Irrelevant Speech | .691 | .150 | |

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