P1 Unit 2 Research

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Question #1
Word Count: 245

P1: The Critical lure in Experiment 1 is a word that was related to the studied words but wasn’t actually present in the original list. Studied words that were not omitted were recalled with a 75% confidence level. Unrelated lures stuck out like a sore thumb at (80%), and weakly related lures showed little significant, but critical lures were recalled with false confidence of (58%). This data demonstrates that we falsely remember things related in subject matter but fail to identify the source of these items especially when there is in-between time recall.

P2: The fact that we can misjudge the source of our memories by creating what we think to be a realistic origin of memory can help explain why the critical
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This is a confirmation bias.

P2: In Wason’s 2-4-6 Task, the participants can focus on the hypothesized rule that may be a subset of the correct rule. Someone might hypothesize that the rule is increasing by two’s while the correct rule is just increasing numbers. Instead of confirming the hypothesis it further supports the subset of the hypothesized rule consequently also a correct rule. By this confirmation, people overlook what falsifies the hypothesized rule, and this leads to confirmation bias.

P3: If a participant were stuck to the rule of increasing by odd numbers when the correct rule is increasing numbers, a triplet such as (6-8-10) would disconfirm this hypothesis. By disconfirming the hypothesized rule, the participant can reevaluate what the correct rule may be now that they are no longer locked into a subset of the correct
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reason. Whether it’s a lens that we see the world through and emotion tainting it in one direction or the other, or simply ignoring facts over what “feels” right. The argument I find is that some decisions can be undermined completely by emotion and all rationale gets thrown out the window.

P3: There are multiple examples from class that all share an emotional component that impedes on our decision-making process. During the Hobbits and Orcs dilemma, emotional blockage comes when stepping back from goal #6. We are so close to our goal that it’s hard for many people to step back from this. During the Asian Disease Problem framing of perspective changes people answer entirely because of the emotional value of the loss of life. During the 2-4-6 task, we perform confirmation biases because we are being rewarded for positive behavior in turn losing perspective on the situation as a whole. Finally showing people penny’s tossed within two distinct patterns, one random and the other with an order effect, people say the random order must be more likely. Here we seek to reduce our cognitive dissonance because of our belief in the randomness of nature. All of these predicaments are influenced by emotion whether positive or

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