Delirium Vs Dementia Research Paper

Improved Essays
Running head: Dementia vs. Delirium 1

Dementia vs. Delirium
Kierstyn Williams
Victoria College

Dementia vs. Delirium 2

Abstract
Dementia and delirium are two very similar yet different complications that affect mental status. Including in the paper will be the definition of each complication, causes, signs and symptoms, and treatment. I will be discussing the onset and duration of the complications as wells. Pulling all my research together to compare just how similar and different they are.

Dementia vs. Delirium 3

There are many complications that can occur in the human body that can affect the way a person thinks, reacts, and remembers. However I will only be talking about two specific kinds
…show more content…
Dementia can lead to other diseases that prolong and progress symptoms; the disease most seen in patients with dementia is Alzheimer’s, which takes an even longer time to develop and show signs of further decline. There are only a few treatments that can help dementia but many are the same treatment for Alzheimer’s. “Medication for dementia should be started only by specialists. Those with mild or moderate Alzheimer's disease may benefit from an acetylcholinesterase inhibitor such as donepezil, galantamine or rivastigmine” ( Warren 42 ). It takes a lot of patience to help care and treat a person with dementia and therefore definitely a lot more to learn.
Delirium is a fast progressing state of changes in mental status where the person demonstrates a lot of confusion. It is caused by an interruption of messages in the brain that have to travel to and from different signal receptors. Delirium’ causes are like a broken train that is stuck and cannot get to its destination. The causes can be derived from multiple body system failures caused by things such as a common cold, viruses, poor nutrition, “ systemic infections, febrile illness, metabolic disorders, hepatic encephalopathy, head trauma seizures, migraine headaches, brain abscess, stroke, post-operative state, and electrolyte imbalances.” (Townsend 333). People with delirium may experience some of the symptoms such as a hard time staying on task, insomnia, hallucinations, problems with
…show more content…
Delirium 5

orientation, continuity of care from nursing staff, patient is approached and handled gently, encouragement of family involvement, good fluid and diet intake, encourage regular sleeping pattern, things to avoid: ward transfers, physical restraints, catheters, routinely sedating, arguing with patient.” (Tomlinson 25). Dementia and delirium though they are very similar, are actually very different in their own ways. In people with dementia they tend to have more memory loss but in people with delirium they tend to have more hallucinations. Dementia has a slow start and is irreversible whereas delirium starts very sudden and if caught in time, and treated with the proper treatment, can be reversible. There is still a lot we don’t know about each topic whether they are more alike or more different, more pharmacological treatments, as well as non-pharmacological treatments. The more evidence based practice research we continue to do will hopefully present more answers so that more treatment for both complications can provided, resulting in more lives can be

Related Documents

  • Superior Essays

    As this disease progresses, symptoms change and vary in degrees. Some symptoms that may be seen in a patient with progressed Alzheimer’s include the inability to respond to the environment, difficulty eating, swallowing, and loss of communication. In the late stages, patients will need extensive help with activities of daily living and round the clock supervision. Alzheimer’s can only be confirmed as a diagnoses during an autopsy, but doctors will diagnosis a patient based on symptoms and ruling out other possibilities. Several medications are approved to treat symptoms of Alzheimer’s including Aricept, Namenda, and Exelon.…

    • 1999 Words
    • 8 Pages
    Superior Essays
  • Great Essays

    Symptoms: As with most types of dementia, the symptoms of early DLB are often unnoticeable and controlled, but with time they gradually worsen to cause problems with the daily lifestyle of an individual. A person with DLB will have some of the symptoms of Alzheimer’s disease and some of the symptoms of Parkinson’s disease, but there are also some symptoms that are unique to DLB. And these symptoms are: • Problems with attention and also alertness. • Difficulties with judging distance and perceiving objects, and also with planning and organising. • Visual hallucinations and auditory…

    • 1482 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Great Essays
  • Great Essays

    Lupus Disease

    • 1550 Words
    • 6 Pages

    Nephritis, inflammation of the kidneys in the nephrons, impairs the ability to excrete waste products and toxins in the body which can build up leading to toxicity. If left untreated for too long, permanent damage can be the result. The Lungs can also suffer with pleuritis, the lining of the chest cavity that surrounds the lungs can become inflamed making it painful to breathe and pneumonia can also be developed in patients with lupus. Lupus can affect the CNS and brain functions causing headaches, dizziness, and problems with vision arise, seizures, strokes and even behavioral changes can occur. Vasculitis can occur where the blood vessels become inflamed affecting circulation; this condition can be mild to severe.…

    • 1550 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Great Essays
  • Improved Essays

    These patients sometimes become very depressed and aggressive, sometimes saying hurtful things and becoming disruptive. Due to the memory loss it is normal for these patients to try to hurt themselves, fall, or even wander off. It is important to have knowledge of Dementia in any health care facility before the patient arrives. Most of these patients are just finding out they have Dementia so it is important to stay calm with the patient and try to help them through the process to make it a smoother transition. Not only should the health care assistant stay calm, but it is also important to keep the patient and their families calm as well.…

    • 824 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Superior Essays

    Dementia And Music Therapy

    • 1101 Words
    • 5 Pages

    Imagine trying to attempt simple everyday tasks and struggling because of confusion or memory loss. Well, unfortunately, this is what it is like for many people with dementia. Dementia is very serious illness and can be hard to function normally. But music therapy, for one, can actually be tremendously helpful for those with dementia in many different ways. The word dementia is often used as an umbrella term to describe a wide range of symptoms.…

    • 1101 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Superior Essays
  • Superior Essays

    A common challenge that occurs in middle ages people is the Alzheimer’s Disease. The Alzheimer 's Disease is a serious condition that affects the loss of brain cell connections that connect short-term memories that are needed to form long-term memories. While studying the Alzheimer’s Disease, one will see that within an individual 's brain there are many parts that are affected by the disease. It is an…

    • 1280 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Superior Essays
  • Improved Essays

    Research Paper On Dementia

    • 1805 Words
    • 8 Pages

    The course of the process of dementia is very lengthy, and the process is full of many symptoms and errors that can occur. The causes are clear and can happen during any point of a human’s life time. The primary reasons for dementia are errors within the anatomy of the brain as a person increases in age, the amount of brain use within a person’s life, and injuries during an earlier part of their life. The three causes that are listed are the main reasons for dementia, and that has been proved scientifically through data and observations. These causes are hard to prevent within the human body because they may happen anatomically or by a certain incident.…

    • 1805 Words
    • 8 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    Symptoms Of Mental Illness

    • 1209 Words
    • 5 Pages

    A loss of energy or concentration may present itself, making it more difficult to complete even small, meaningless tasks (“Signs and Symptoms of Depression”). Changes in sleeping patterns, appetite, or weight are also telling signs. Depression can cause physical affectations; unexplained headaches, back pains, stomach pains, and sore muscles. A more dangerous symptom of depression is an excess of “escapist behavior such as substance abuse, compulsive gambling, reckless driving, or dangerous sports,” (Smith et…

    • 1209 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    Causes Of Dementia

    • 1787 Words
    • 7 Pages

    Dementia frequently starts with straightforward scenes of absent mindedness. Individuals with dementia experience difficulty monitoring time and have a tendency to lose their way in commonplace settings. As dementia advances, carelessness and perplexity develop. It gets to be harder to review names and faces. Individual consideration turns into…

    • 1787 Words
    • 7 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    Dissociative Identity Disorder, more commonly known as multiple personality disorder is considered to be one of the most well known and severe of the psychological disorders. Because DID involves extreme and repeated dissociation that interferes with a person 's normal functioning and can result in large gaps of memory and includes severe identity confusion by repeatedly dissociating and blocking out painful or unpleasant memories. It is believed that the Orbitofrontal Cortex of the brain affects the decision-making a human has. Decreased or impaired functioning of the OFC may cause someone to alter their personalities, behavior, and cognitive or emotional thought process. If we were to know exactly how Dissociative Identity Disorder is caused…

    • 1108 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Improved Essays