Inflammatory Bowel Disease/ Crohn's Disease Essay

1919 Words Oct 19th, 1999 8 Pages
Inflammatory Bowel Disease/ Crohn's Disease

Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is a group of chronic disorders that cause inflammation or ulceration in the small and large intestines. Most often
IBD is classified as ulcerative colitis or Crohn's disease but may be referred to as colitis, enteritis, ileitis, and proctitis. Ulcerative colitis causes ulceration and inflammation of the inner lining of a couple of really bad places, while Crohn's disease is an inflammation that extends into the deeper layers of the intestinal wall. Ulcerative colitis and Crohn's disease cause similar symptoms that often resemble other conditions such as irritable bowel syndrome
(spastic colitis). The correct diagnosis may take some time. Crohn's disease
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Large doses of vitamins are useless and may even cause harmful side effects. Your doctor may recommend nutritional supplements, especially for children with growth retardation. Special high-calorie liquid formulas are sometimes used for this purpose. A small number of patients may need periods of feeding by vein. This can help patients who temporarily need extra nutrition, those whose bowels need to rest, or those whose bowels cannot absorb enough nourishment from food taken by mouth.

What Are the Complications of Crohn's Disease?

The most common complication is the closing of the intestine. Blockage occurs because the disease tends to thicken the bowel wall with swelling scar tissue, narrowing the passage. Crohn's disease also may cause deep ulcer tracts that burrow all the way through the bowel wall into surrounding tissues, into adjacent segments of intestine, into other nearby organs such as the urinary bladder or into the skin. These tunnels are called fistulas. They are a common complication and often are associated with pockets of infection or abcesses or infected areas of pus. The areas around the really bad part and another really bad part having to do with the southern part of the body often are involved.
Sometimes fistulas can be treated with medicine, but in many cases they must be treated surgically. Crohn's disease also can lead to complications that affect other parts of the body. These systemic

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