Immmunization In Kenya Case Study

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Ministry of Health established the Kenya Expanded Programme on Immunization (KEPI) in 1980 with the main aim of providing immunization against six killer diseases of childhood, namely tuberculosis, polio, diphtheria, whooping cough, tetanus and measles to all children in the country before their first birthday. Although the programme has not achieved optimal coverage in a number of sub counties, the overall and marked control of measles. After the program, was started more vaccines have been added to the infant immunization schedule, namely hepatitis B, Hemophilus influenza type B vaccine, yellow fever then pneumococcal vaccine and most recently Measles second dose and Rotavirus vaccines. These vaccines address key killer diseases with the objective of achieving 90% vaccination coverage at national level and in high risk sub counties of all Children under two years by 2015 and 80%n in low risk areas. Health care for the Kenyan pastoralist community has serious implications as the most basic requirements are delivered under difficult circumstances and cannot be met due to the limited accessibility to health care services. This poses serious challenges to the daily struggle for life caused by bad climatic circumstances, illiteracy and poverty.(Duba, Mur-Veeman, & van Raak, 2001)
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Routine measles vaccination was selected as an indicator of progress towards achieving the United Nation’s Millennium Development Goal 4 (MDG4 given the potential of Measles vaccination to reduce the burden of the disease and child mortality. Reducing measles related death is of global importance which serves as an indicator of access to child health services .This sums up the reason behind the aim of MDG 4 which is to reduce the child mortality rate in the under five years by two thirds between 1990 and 2015 (WHO

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