Hurricane Recovery Case Study

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ABSTRACT
Hurricane Hugo caused much damaged on the coastal plain forest. The Santee Experimental Forest experienced the severe force of eyewall and wind damage. Northern east area i.e. on Hobcaw Forest was majorly damage by salt with some wind damage. Tallest trees and the largest trees were more damaged than smaller trees. Within the area impacted by the eyewall, 89% of the longleaf pine trees, 91% of loblolly pine trees, 86% of bottomland hardwood trees were uprooted. And other areas away from eyewall were affected about 17% of longleaf pine trees, 52% of loblolly pine trees and 20% of bottomland trees broken or uprooted. (Donal D. Hook, September 10-22, 1989 (SPRING 1991))

INTRODUCTION
The eye of the Hurricane Hugo, it was the most severe
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Knowledge about Hurricane recovery as a process and as a definable component of the emergency management cycle was slim. There was little interest in the process per se. Only one of four counties visited had a completed recovery component in its emergency management plan at the time of Hugo hit. This Deficiency was tied in with the generally low level of knowledge, experience, and functional skill in emergency management (Donal D. Hook, September 10-22, 1989 (SPRING 1991)).
2. Knowledge about Emergency management educational resources, documents, and information centre was slight. Further there was no interest on the topic of emergency management, disaster recovery, or mitigation on the part of local officials. (Donal D. Hook, September 10-22, 1989 (SPRING 1991))
3. FEMA Staff prepare an Interagency Hazards Mitigation Team Report, but after Hugo, the agency did not follow up the IHMT
4. Lack of connection between knowledge of emergency management functions and recovery needs is another concern. there was little assistance for education, training to improve existing on site emergency management capability (Donal D. Hook, September 10-22, 1989 (SPRING
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Hugo was the most costly disasters which were experienced by U.S. in terms of infrastructure damage, local economies, and homes. After Hurricane Hugo made landfall on September 21, 1989, near Charleston, South Carolina, media accounted that there was serious problem in South Carolina’s recovery and response efforts. Lot of damage was done by Hugo each and every place in South Carolina suffered some damages, some lost homes, lives etc. Great devastation was done to forest 80% of the forest was destroyed, timber volume was loss estimated range from 700- 1000 million board feet. Storm blew down the trees approx. $95,000,000 to $115,000,000. Most of the services which were essential of society were also destroyed, Electrical power was non-existent, water and sewer system were severely damaged and roads were extremely hazardous, and many people without the basic necessities. Many of the important buildings were also destroyed, villages were washed away by the

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