Human Trafficking : A Source Of Transit Or Destination For Victims

911 Words Nov 21st, 2016 4 Pages
Human trafficking has increased at an alarming rate during the last 20 years, becoming the fastest growing and most profitable crime after drug trafficking. Human trafficking affects every country in the world, regardless of political structure, economy, or history as they can serve as a source of transit or destination for victims (Chong & Clark, 2014). War, poverty, cultural history, socioeconomic factors, and famine, among other factors, contribute to the spread of human trafficking across borders. The rising statistics of human trafficking worldwide have generated interest in the topic, however, understanding what this term means and what it encompasses has been problematic due to the lack of consistency when using it (Chong & Clark, 2014). Many assume human trafficking applies to prostitution only, failing to consider other areas such as forced labor in agriculture, construction, hotel, as well as selling of human organs.
The lack of consistency in terminology, awareness, and clandestine nature of the business makes it difficult to identify cases and thus, the statistics we currently have of trafficked people are inaccurate (Farrell, McDevitt & Fahy, 2010). For instance, the International Labour Organization (ILO) estimates that over 1.5 million people across the United States, Canada, and Western Europe are victims of forced labor and human trafficking, however, reports from the U.S. Department of Justice describe that only a couple of hundred victims are…

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