Human Evolution, Morphology, And Genetics Of Homo Neanderthalensis

1306 Words Nov 26th, 2014 null Page
Homo Neanderthalensis:
Understanding Its Species and Importance in Human Evolution Homo neanderthalensis, more commonly known as Neandertals, are the closest extinct relative of the genus species Homo sapiens. Homo neanderthalensis lived approximately 30,000 to 125,000 years ago, populating regions of Europe and southwestern Asia. In 1856, near Dusseldorf, Germany, the very first Homo neanderthalensis remains were found in a cave in the Neander Valley, pronounced Neander Tal in old German), thus resulting in the name Neandertal. The genus Homo neanderthalensis quickly became extinct subsequent to the rise of Homo sapiens, leading to the unceasing argument that Neandertals were in fact an inferior species in the human evolution timeline (Haviland, Walrath Prins, & McBride, 2013). On the contrary, Homo neanderthalensis played a crucial part in the evolution of humankind, with aspects of their biology and culture still present in that of modern humans. The following essay will examine the culture, morphology, and genetics of Homo neanderthalensis in order to understand their role in the evolution of Homo sapiens. Much like Homo sapiens, Homo neanderthalensis were quite cultured, showing many indications of symbolic life. In Havilland, Walrath, Prins, & McBride (2013), they discuss the concept of deliberate burial of the deceased amongst the Neandertals. In the Kebara Cave in Israel, 60,000 year old remains of a Neandertal male were found deliberately buried in a pit at the…

Related Documents