How do children learn Gender Identity? A child 's awareness of being a boy or a girl starts in the first year of life, Mukherji (2001) emphazises that a child begins to think of themselves as separate individuals and develop knowledge about who they are at around 15 to 18 months. Each of us has a gender identity a private feeling that we are male or female. There are two fundamentally different explanations for how gender develops i.e. Nature vs. Nurture. Nurture is the result of environmental influences particularly the way we are treated by our parents, guardians, friends and relatives in contrast nature is our inborn reaction which is heredity. Lindon (2009).
Social learning theory, developed by Albert Bandura, emphasizes the
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Cognitive developmental focuses on the individual and how children actively play a role in their own development Construction of gender identity (2010)
The cognitive and social learning theory best explains gender identity. The social learning theory only looks at specific behaviour and doesn’t look at learning in general and how a child feels about certain behaviour Science aid: social learning theory (2010). The