How and Why Did Federation Occur in Australia? Essay
Each and every colony would have had a different system whether it was their laws, taxes, railway systems, tariffs and transport, this was a problem. …show more content…
Other colonies argued that the Federal Government would tighten the immigration laws and said that they were able to cope keeping Australia a “White country all on their own. The year “1846” was the year when the first recorded suggestion for Federation but the idea didn’t click. Until Seventeen years later, in 1863 the first ever conference in Melbourne was held. Many delegates in this conference discussed differing matters regarding Federation.
Sir Henry Parkes, a familiar face, also known as “The Father of Federation” was the Premier of New South Wales who called for a convention on Federation in the year “1889”. As he delivered the speech known as “The Tenterfield Oration” he amazed more and more conventions. Soon after the “The National Australasian Convention” occurred in the city of Sydney. Many delegates approved on the name “The Commonwealth of Australia” afterwards beginning to draft up a constitution.
Sir Henry Parkes lost his office in 1892, and the power towards Federation was temporarily lost. He did however, in June 1892, complete his important work 'Fifty Years in the Making of Australian History', during this year . Meanwhile, Edmund Barton, New South Wales Attorney General, took over as leader of