How and Why Did Federation Occur in Australia? Essay

750 Words Jun 20th, 2011 3 Pages
Federation for Australia was when six independant Brisitsh colonies were no longer divided. It was the year “1901” when Federation happened for Australia. Federation took place because of the need to be more organised, to improve the defence of Australia, better transportation, stronger communication, to unify the economy and to strengthen the pride of being Australian. The idea of six colonies uniting as one had an apeal to people which lead to motivating the spirit of Australia and being as one. However, it was a long process to Federation, requiring referendums and the Queen's approval.

Each and every colony would have had a different system whether it was their laws, taxes, railway systems, tariffs and transport, this was a problem.
…show more content…
Other people living in smaller colonies and lesser powerful colonies were afraid that New South Wales or Victoria would dominate these colonies which is why they disagreed to Federation.

Other colonies argued that the Federal Government would tighten the immigration laws and said that they were able to cope keeping Australia a “White country all on their own. The year “1846” was the year when the first recorded suggestion for Federation but the idea didn’t click. Until Seventeen years later, in 1863 the first ever conference in Melbourne was held. Many delegates in this conference discussed differing matters regarding Federation.

Sir Henry Parkes, a familiar face, also known as “The Father of Federation” was the Premier of New South Wales who called for a convention on Federation in the year “1889”. As he delivered the speech known as “The Tenterfield Oration” he amazed more and more conventions. Soon after the “The National Australasian Convention” occurred in the city of Sydney. Many delegates approved on the name “The Commonwealth of Australia” afterwards beginning to draft up a constitution.

Sir Henry Parkes lost his office in 1892, and the power towards Federation was temporarily lost. He did however, in June 1892, complete his important work 'Fifty Years in the Making of Australian History', during this year . Meanwhile, Edmund Barton, New South Wales Attorney General, took over as leader of

Related Documents