History Of Guatemala, History And Socioeconomic Contexts Essay

1383 Words Oct 6th, 2015 null Page
In analysing the usefulness of these theories in explaining the case of Guatemala, history and socioeconomic contexts prior to and during the development process is worth observing. The United States’ political and economic interests on the Latin American region was officially expressed with the articulation of the Monroe Doctrine in 1823 (Gilderhus, 2008: 5). The doctrine mainly served as a declaration of political independence of the American Continent from European colonial powers, yet the US-Latin American relations did not experience any notable change as the US merely pursued “to defend its own basic interests.” (Gilderhus, 2008: 8) Significant to their relations was the subsequent US foreign policy agenda based on Pan-Americanism, and later the Cold War, during the 20th century, which made the country become highly protectionist and interventionist (Gilderhus, 2008: 12-16).
Regionally, Latin America had been maintaining hierarchic and feudal social structures in which the Spanish-descendent Creole population exploited “Indians, blacks, mestizos, mulattoes and other racially oppressed groups” to create profits from international trades (Grosfoguel, 2000: 349). By the end of the 19th century, these traces of socioeconomic backwardness were utilised to justify the region’s economic subordination to liberalism and the penetration of foreign capital, and political dictatorship which brought the end to the traditional feudalism (Grosfoguel, 2000: 354). In the 1900s, the…

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