The Conquest Of El Salvador

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The Conquest The history of El Salvador begins with the time period in which indigenous people resided in the country. According to Roy Boland, in Culture and Customs of El Salvador, The Spanish conquered El Salvador in 1524; the spanish found the country was divided into three states (13). The spaniards hegemonic influence finally converted El Salvador into a Spanish colony after twenty six years of indigenous resistance(Boland 14). Such conquest brought violence, diseases, and poverty to the indigenous people. The colonial period lasted until 1821(Boland 14). El Salvador finally became independent from Spain in 1821 and joined the United Provinces of Central America in 1823; however, in 1840 El Salvador gained full independence (Eileen …show more content…
According to author Richard C. Jones in Causes of Salvadoran Migration to the United States, “by 1981 the rate [of killings] had reached forty-six persons per 1,000 population…(183). The civil war was especially excruciating for children because they were being constantly forced to join the military. By the time children were fifteen years of age and they had not fled the country, they either joined the FMLN or they were forced to join the military and fight for the government (McKinney 14). The civil war had not only affected adults, but also children. Children were stripped of their innocence and childhood as a result of the greedy elite who were in search of power and were ignorant to the fact of the immense human right violations that was being committed. Such rights were violated by both the governments of El Salvador and the United …show more content…
Ironically, the United States was involved in the Salvadoran civil war. The United States feared the rise of communism and guerillas, so the U.S. government proceeded to fund the Salvadoran government for about thirteen years(McKinney 7). The United States government funded years of political violence, poverty, hardships, and massacres. Funding of such violent actions was for the own benefit of the United States. In 1981,the FMLN attempted to gain control of various towns; however, this attempt failed because the FMLN did not have adequate weapons to fight the military. This failed attempt led the Ronald Reagan administration to fund more than 4.5 billion dollars in military training to defeat the guerillas(McKinney 12). Essentially, the FMLN was fighting against U.S. supported and trained military. Intervention by the U.S. in El Salvador is a prime example of the U.S. exceptionalism theory. American exceptionalism roots itself on the beliefs that America is unique, U.S. intervention and power is benevolent, and it prides itself in the idea that its interest are based on peace, liberty, and the rule of law(Lecture 9/28/16).The United States was one of the reasons as to why the war caused extreme destruction, death, terror, and poverty throughout El Salvador. The country that was founded on principles of “life, liberty, and happiness”, funded the extortion of countless

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