Violence In El Salvador

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El Salvador has been overran with unequal rights and violence caused by the Civil War. The
1 United States became involved in this conflict through the struggle for human rights, democracy, and equality. During the Civil War, the U.S. sent more than $4.5 billion in aid to the Salvadoran government, and trained many Salvadoran soldiers on U.S. ground.
In 1977, the U.S. voiced concerns about the frequent human right violations. The Salvadoran government renounced all aid from the U.S. El Salvador fell into a routine of corruption and violence. In 1979, the military forced out the current president, and many of the people believed democracy would be a great form of government.
The Civil War began as an agricultural conflict that converted into
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Oscar Romero’s murder drew international media attention to the human rights abuses occurring in El Salvador. His actions and teachings were highly publicized worldwide, but never received any credit.
The Salvadoran government claimed that many of the mass murders were being carried out by the FMLN. While the FMLN was a very heavy a part of the violence and was known for kidnapping high-level officials and their families, the FMLN did not murder as many as the government did. The FMLN focused on destroying outposts run by the military. In 1980 the Salvadoran Army Major Roberto D’Aubuisson came into play. He founded the right-wing political party, the Nationalist Republican Alliance or, ARENA which would control the presidency for twenty-two of the next twenty-seven
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After the murder of the Jesuits, the U.S. Congress voted to decrease the military aid, but within months President George H.W. Bush had reinstated the aid. Once again the U.S. was supporting a war on terrorism, not protecting human rights.
De Cuéllar negotiated a peace treaty that was signed on December 31, 1991 called the Act of New York. "Once again, the F.M.L.N. is talking about peace settlement, while raining violence and death on El Salvador's citizens." The civil war ended officially in 1992 was signed in Mexico City. It implemented a cease-fire, plans for the demobilization of the FMLN, and included propositions for democratic reform, also including the protection of human rights. "the rebels promise to disband their military apparatus completely by October, with former guerrillas eligible to serve in a new National Police."
In conclusion, in the past century the United States has played a large role in El Salvador and their struggles for political independence and democracy. It is safe to say that without the U.S. assistance in El Salvador the twelve-year civil war would have ended sooner. The U.S. sent more than $4 billion in aid to El Salvador, and trained many Salvadoran soldiers on U.S.

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