Sarmiento Research Paper

1085 Words 5 Pages
In the late 18th and early 19th century many colonies in South America began wars against Spain in an effort to gain their independence. Eventually all of Latin America gained independence from Spain. Two key leaders in the liberation movements were Simon Bolivar and Jose de San Martin. After the creation of Republics Latin American politicians looked to the United States for support and guidance. Two such influential men were Domingo Sarmiento, President of Argentina, and Matias Romero, Mexican Ambassador to the United States. These four men all had varying opinions of the United States and different responses to the nation. This paper will argue that all four were justified in their opinions and responses to the United States. Jose …show more content…
Domingo Sarmiento was an Argentine activist, intellectual, ambassador and eventual President. Early in his life as an activist he was exiled from Argentina three times[ Bunkley, Allison Williams. The Life of Sarmiento. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press, 1952.]. From 1845 to 1847, during one such exile, he was sent by the Chilean government to Europe, North Africa, and North America to examine different educational systems[ Ibid]. This trip influenced him greatly and he became an advocate for implementing the education and social systems of the United States. In 1868 Sarmiento was elected President of Argentina and worked to improve it’s education system and social structure[]. Matias Romero was a Mexican politician and diplomat from 1862 until his death in 1898[ Jaffary, Nora E. Mexican History: A Primary Source Reader. Boulder, CO: Westview Press, 2010.]. He served three terms as the Secretary of Finance and twice as the Ambassador to the United States during his lifetime. He played a vital role in Mexican foreign relations during the French invasion and occupation of Mexico, negotiating support from the US and raising public awareness of the plight of Mexico[ Ibid]. His hard work produced considerable results, even among Latin American States such as Peru and Chile whose representatives in Europe protested against the invasion and …show more content…
She felt that the interactions between the two regions were fairly positive for both parties. “The US could have assisted the Spanish colonies in gaining independence, but they were supportive of the new republics afterwards”. She stated that the 19th century was a time of developing relations between Latin America and the US, “overall the relations between the two grew positive”. I agree with Rachel. The US and Latin America seemed to have an overall positive interaction at this time. The US was the more powerful nation so it could have attempted to recolonize the region instead of becoming

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