Latino Political Nationalism And Illiberal Politics In Latin America

840 Words 4 Pages
My main question is, that despite such a strong history in republican and relatively liberal ideologies inspired by their European counterparts, why has Latin America failed to successfully implement these institutions in a meaningful way, and why it is plagued by illiberal politics and policies. Additionally, how does the Church and its followers impact politics in South America, specifically in the liberal sense. My personal interest is understanding why the states of Latin America did not unify under a similar fashion as the United States of America, but rather fought wars against each other and were plagued by economic and political decadence. In this sense, I am trying to understand how the Latino political mentality legitimized illiberal …show more content…
Liberalism means the idea of liberty, equality, and popular sovereignty. Liberals wanted to end the dominance of the Catholic Church, class stratification and slavery. They also supported a freer market and less bureaucracy. These issues for many years strongly affected the way that Latin American society was organized. The majority of liberals believed in a democratic system of government, while the non-liberals prefer a stronger rule. Next, because Republicanism has different meanings in certain contexts, I will clarify how I intend to use it. In the Latin American context, Republicanism is the ideology of governing a society or state as a republic (la. res publica), where the head of state is a representative of the people who hold popular sovereignty rather than the people being subjects of the head of state.
Simón Bolívar is the founding father of Republicanism in South America, and it is his political ideology that shaped its political mentality. His attempted to united all the Spanish speaking ultimately failed, and I will go into his legacy and influence on South American
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A., & Stohl, M. (1987). Liberalization and redemocratization in Latin America. New York: Greenwood Press.

Baker, A. (2009). The market and the masses in Latin America: Policy reform and consumption in liberalizing economies. Cambridge; New York: Cambridge University Press.

This book is important to understanding the politics of market reform in Latin America, and more so the political economy aspect of this market. Importantly, this book successfully uses public opinion and polling to further an argument.

Tombs, D. (2002). Latin American liberation theology. Boston: Brill Academic Publishers.
A social movement that calls to the to the origins of liberal institutions in Latin American is theological liberalism

O 'Brien, R., & Williams, M. (2013). Global political economy: Evolution and dynamics (4th ed.). Houndmills, Basingstoke, Hampshire: Palgrave Macmillan.

Bushnell, D., & Macaulay, N. (1988). The emergence of Latin America in the nineteenth century. New York: Oxford University Press.

Journal Articles

Mahoney, J.. (2001). Radical, Reformist and Aborted Liberalism: Origins of National Regimes in Central America. Journal of Latin American Studies, 33(2), 221–256. Retrieved from

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