Great Expectations Rhetorical Analysis Essay

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Prompt 1 CQC
In Great Expectations, Charles Dickens uses diction and metaphors to describe how if one’s dreams and aspirations are based on selfish needs, then his life will be miserable. After Pip puts his benefactor to bed, he goes back to the fireplace and starts to think that “[Pip] began fully to know how wrecked [he] was, and how the ship [he] sailed was gone to pieces”(253). Dickens’ use of metaphor when he compares Pip’s life to a “ship in which [he] had sailed” in and has now “gone to pieces” allows the reader to perceive that Pip “wrecked” the “ship” that was the possible life he could have had at the countryside working at the forge. This “ship” sailed on because of the materialistic path of life that Pip chose to follow. Through this metaphor, Dickens demonstrates that abandoning one’s past for a selfish need will lead to a
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Additionally, after Pip figures out that Miss Havisham’s intentions for him were not what he believed, he realizes that his “sharpest and deepest pain of all...was...that [he] had deserted Joe”(254). Dickens uses “sharpest and deepest pain of all” to emphasize the emotions that Pip has when he realizes that his self-centered desires led him to abandon Joe. Similarly, the word “deep” also characterizes how much debt Pip has due to his over-spending on materialistic objects for himself. Dickens uses this description of deep feelings to demonstrate that when one allows status to take priority, it makes their life unpleasurable. Furthermore, when Estella’s announcement of her departure again surprises Pip , Estella replies that “I have been bent and broken, but --I hope-- into a better shape”(380). Dickens’ employment of diction of Estella being “bent and broken” illustrates that she realizes her lesser character. Moreover, the words “bent” and “broken” relate to Joe’s forge, going back to Pip’s

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