Gothic And Romanesque Cathedrals

Improved Essays
Gothic cathedrals are often seen as the microcosm of the universe according to many intelligent sources, however gothic cathedrals are actually a result of the fusion between logic, beauty, and faith. The fusion between material and spiritual things began to rise in popularity during the high Middle Ages because during this time, due to trade, the people of the middle ages began to gain wealth and a love for materialistic things. The community of the middle ages valued both their material things, logic, and their spirituality, so they used their love for materialistic things and research and their love for logic to create something to embody the glory of God. Cathedrals are often thought to be the microcosm of the universe, but in reality they …show more content…
Compared to Romanesque cathedrals, which were built out of very thick stone and were usually dark and cold, the Gothic cathedrals were some of the most exquisite things to have been created. Romanesque architecture was used to be functional as a church and a place to worship, the people of the high middle ages created a place where it could both be functional and beautiful, which is where Gothic architecture was born. They sculpted statues into the sides of the buildings and sculpted ornate details into the walls. The use of marvelous marble became popularized during this time and was used to sculpt these ornate statues and create interesting detailing throughout the cathedral. Stained glass windows were also one of the many new alluring artistic features of the gothic churches. They were often beautifully colored or displayed images of people from the Bible. “Also, the windows themselves became works of art”. (ABC-Clio) The nation of the middle ages had a love for gorgeous things. During this time the society of the high middle ages had just gained wealth from the sprout of the trade revolution in Western Europe. So since many of the people of this time had begun to gain so much wealth and material things, their love for material things grew. They loved the beautiful ornate churches that showed off their wealth while at the same time showing their love for God. Human beings have also always sought beauty and meaning, so they put this into the building of their churches. They had many architectural advancements such as flying buttresses, pointed arches, and vaulted ceilings, which helped with the construction of these cathedrals, and they used the advancements to create something much more beautiful than the old Romanesque cathedrals. Gold and silver were often used to decorate and accentuate certain statues or carvings in the cathedrals. The people of the high Middle Ages used their

Related Documents

  • Improved Essays

    A typical building with Gothic characteristics can be seen with pointed arches, flying buttresses, ribbed vaults, and large windows. Some even have tracery, towers, pinnacles, and stain glassed windows. These characteristics help make the church seem more inviting instead fearful like the Romanesque style churches. In The Hunchback of Notre Dame, the outside of the church can be seen with pointed arches, multiple towers, and large windows. The pointed arches helped make the building more eclectic and is one of the most notable features of the Gothic time period.…

    • 770 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    Because of the city’s prosperity, Florence experienced an enormous building boom in the 1300s (King, 2). In order to show off their wealth, Florence announced a competition to build the main dome for the Santa Maria del Fiore. Filippo Brunelleschi would be chosen for this project and went on to build a beautiful dome that represented the beauty of Florence. Because of the Renaissance, art was becoming more and more popular. Citizens were willing to pay money for art to reflect their status.…

    • 741 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    Italian Painting Industry

    • 1436 Words
    • 6 Pages

    Also, rich residents actively purchase as much number of artwork as possible to decorate their house as a great mean to show off their wealth. After the Counter-Reformation, monarchy and churches regained their confidence, and richness is formed gradually, the most remarkable phenomenon in the current art industry is the swift change to the centralized authoritarian aristocracy. The authoritarian ruler is actually the court of the churches or the papacy, so the economic activity mainly controlled by the court with its expanded bureaucracy and affluent Curia. The papal city has been giving priority to luxury services made by artists, (master) craftsman, goldsmiths, and jewelers, booksellers, hotel keepers, tailors, and particularly bankers, the legal professionals like notaries, and wine merchants (Dekyneay 416-32). This situation formed the “client-based” or “demand-driven” patronage system.…

    • 1436 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Great Essays

    Gothic Cathedral Essay

    • 1458 Words
    • 6 Pages

    Gothic cathedrals stand as a tangible expression of the pious aspirations of the medieval people during the late 12th to the first half of the 16th century. The soaring architecture, like its adherents thoughts, ascend towards heaven solidifying the supreme authority of the Church over every aspect of life. Emerging from the Romanesque period of architecture, Gothic cathedrals are renowned for both their constructional elements as well as their ornate decorations. The Gothic cathedral is a gallery of ecclesiastical art with scripture adorning the stone and stain-glass for both the illiterate and the learned alike. This culmination of visual language found on both the interior and exterior of the cathedrals reflects the Gothic medieval theology…

    • 1458 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Great Essays
  • Improved Essays

    One of the main distinctive characteristics of Gothic architecture were the grand, tall designs. The introduction of the flying buttresses enabled the architects to spread the weight of taller walls easier. This allowed churches and cathedrals to ‘reach up to the heavens’. Another defining characteristic of gothic architecture is the flying buttresses. As mentioned already, these were introduced to allow the architect to spread the weight of the building easier to allow for tall buildings to be constructed.…

    • 1231 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    Roman Empire Failure

    • 1062 Words
    • 5 Pages

    The Roman Empire was also a very big success because of the influence all over the world. The Roman Empire has done so many amazing things in Religion, Architecture, and in government as well. The Empire succeeded in Religion by creating a whole different branch of Christianity which is followed all over the world by many nations. The Roman Empire has succeeded throughout Architecture by making the architecture such as arches bigger and stronger that has been helpful to so many nations all over the world. The Roman Empire was also successful because of all that they had done by government.…

    • 1062 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    Evolution of French Architecture During the Gothic Period My favorite aspect of art is usually the architecture because it shows the peaks of human capability on a grander scale. I liked learning about the architecture during the Gothic period the most because it seemed so ambitious, and even though they were built centuries ago, people still marvel at their intricate designs, near unsustainable heights and brilliant use of natural lighting. The new gothic era of reaching new structural heights was made possible with the use of the pointed arch, the flying buttresses, and the ribbed vault. Soon after the construction of Saint Denis, the gothic style of architecture spread throughout Europe and reformed architecture. (Pg.…

    • 1014 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    The results of the First Crusade not only effected the future of the world in very many other ways (Alchin Effects). Another impact of the First Crusade was the effect it had on the Catholic Church. The end of the First Crusade brought more wealth and power to the Catholic Church. The Catholic Church played a very important role in the Crusades from the very beginning. Because the Church gained so much power and wealth it caused people to become more religious and involved in the Church (G.,…

    • 917 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    The pillars have a detailed stone caved capital, which assembles to the classical Corinthian capitals. (Figure 8) Ornamented capitals and detailed sculptures were really common in Gothic architecture. Behind the altar, there is a heavily decorated sculpture of Jesus Christ and the twelve apostles carved in wood. (Figure 9) The Gothic sculpture is simple, stiff, straight, elongated and dramatic. Jesus’ arms are opened and lowered pointing to the people watching the mass and welcoming them to his…

    • 722 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    During the Renaissance time period, numerous architects such as Bartolommeo Bandinelli were known for the design of dome creations used mainly in cathedrals in Florence, these design were now larger and more extravagant than ever previously created before. The exterior elements of the dome during the Renaissance architecture period were impressive to many by themselves, the interior elements were unique as well. The acoustics inside of the dome were a major focus as well as the structure itself. The acoustics of multiple cathedrals in Italy were designed to enhance the hearing for the type of music that was performed at this time. The Renaissance introduced the use of “polyphony”, which is a multilayered faster type of music.…

    • 2215 Words
    • 9 Pages
    Improved Essays