Geriatric Care In Singapore Case Study

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Background Information
Singapore is currently undergoing the setback of a rapidly ageing population. Invariably, the older generation aspires to age gracefully and successfully but, the truth is that only some are able to enjoy good health. Many suffer from incidents of acute exacerbation that requires hospitalization, followed by long episodes of recovery and rehabilitation for functional restoration. The geriatric care services in Singapore are wide and readily available, ensuring the well-being of the pioneer generations.
Abundant developments in medicine, public health, science, and technology have empowered today's older Singaporeans to live longer and healthier lives than previous generations. Older adults want to remain
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The more prominent changes associated with ageing are visual and auditory changes, respiratory system changes, nervous system changes and urinary changes.

Visual and Auditory changes
Vision and hearing are two of our five senses, apart from smell, touch and taste. As older adults age, their vision and hearing abilities decline with various physiological changes. Impairment in these abilities has a profound effect on how the older adult goes about in his daily activities. Picture adapted from Bing online Image Search, Microsoft Word 2013
Visual changes that occur with ageing Impact in daily living
1. Reduced ability to focus vision Greater difficulty in reading and doing tasks that require visual focus at a short distance, such as putting a thread through the eye of a needle.
2. Difficulty in adapting to dark surroundings Greater risk of falling when moving from a brightly lit to dim surrounding.
3. Poor low-contrast acuity
(Sharpness of vision) Greater tendency to trip over small objects lying on the floor or bumping into things in poorly lit
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Distinguishing them is important, as the urgency of treatment and approach to evaluate of each condition are greatly different. Dementia is a slow developing progressive illness where one’s memory or ability to perform daily activities deteriorate over a series of months or years. Delirium, on the other hand, develops swiftly within mere hours or days.
Bewilderment over the time of the day: Failure to manage regular routines, such as bathing or toileting, and the inability to recognize familiar people are also other common symptoms associated with delirium. There may also be interruptions in his sleeping patterns of sleep and persistent appetites may be present. The symptoms of delirium come and go during the course of the day. The affected person may appear like he has returned to his normal state of mind one moment, only to become confused again some hours later.
Osteoporosis is a degenerative bone disease that results in decreased bone mass. This condition puts people at a higher risk of bone fractures than people with healthy

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